Joined: 25 Jul 2005 Posts: 16155 Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England
Posted: Sat Aug 25, 2012 9:07 pm Post subject: 10 May 1941 Rudolf Hess flight & Nazi-British links
Most crucial thing to understand about the Rudolf Hess flight is that it left the way clear for Martin Bormann to dominate access to Adolf Hitler unchallenged by Hess
Known about this for a long time but never knew Hess' son has a website!
The flight, the disappearance of Hess from Hitler's immediate circle, paved the way for the rise of the notorious Martin Bormann who set up the Nazi Fourth Reich financial network we are wrestling with today.
The other factor in all this is that Hess was falling out of favour with Hitler in favour of Bormann as Hitler always liked to get generals and those with other top responsibilities vying with each other for his affections. Bormann & Hess were in a similar position and, it seems, Hitler was showing greater affection for Bormann. For example Hess didn't like the same food as Hitler and brought his own chef with him. When Hitler chastised him for this Bormann scored another point in the squabble for Hitler's attention.
Seems Hess was prepared to risk all to see if he could get Churchill to agree to these terms knowing the Invasion of Russia was coming.
Indeed Operation Barbarossa, Hitler's suprise attack on Stalin, was launched just over a month later on 22nd June 1941.
One: Germany and Britain would reach a compromise on world-wide policy based on the status quo. That is, Germany would not attack Russia to secure German Lebensraum ["living space"].
Two: Germany would drop its claims to its former colonies, and would acknowledge British hegemony at sea. In return, Britain would acknowledge continental Europe as a German sphere of interest.
Three: The then-current relationship of military strength between Germany and Britain in the air and on the sea would be maintained. That is, Britain would not receive any reinforcements from the United States. Although there was no mention of land forces, it can be assumed that this balance of forces would be maintained in this regard as well.
Four: Germany would withdraw from "Metropolitan France" [European France] after the total disarmament of the French army and navy. German commissioners would remain in French North Africa, and German troops would remain in Libya for five years after the conclusion of peace.
Five: Within two years after the conclusion of peace, Germany would establish satellite states in Poland, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium and Serbia. However, Germany would withdraw from Norway, Romania, Bulgaria and Greece (except for Crete, which German parachutists had taken at the of May, 1941). After some rounding-off in the East, North, West and South (Austria and Bohemia-Moravia were apparently to remain within the Reich), Germany would thus concede Britain's position in the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East.
Six: Germany would recognize Ethiopia and the Red Sea as a British sphere of influence.
Seven: The person to whom the Deputy Führer was speaking was somewhat confused about whether Italy had approved Hess' peace proposals. Hess himself said nothing about this, although points four and six would have considerably affected Italian interests.
Eight: Rudolf Hess admitted that Hitler had agreed in advance to the official "cover story" put out in Germany that he was of "unsound mind."
This peace proposal would indeed have brought peace to the world in 1941. If Britain had negotiated with Germany on this basis, the German attack against Russia--which began less than three weeks later, on June 22, 1941--would not have taken place, because Hitler would have obtained what he needed for survival: control of the continent. The war would have withered away on all fronts.
Instead, as we know, the war continued --bringing destruction, suffering and death on an almost unimaginable scale--because the outstretched hand of peace was rejected by Churchill and Roosevelt. The peace they sought was a Carthaginian one. Their sole war aim was the destruction of Germany.
Joined: 25 Jul 2005 Posts: 16155 Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England
Posted: Mon Jan 14, 2013 12:19 am Post subject:
Rudolf Hess's ME-110 flight to Eaglesham, East Renfrewshire - 10 May 1941
Operation Barbarossa, Hitler's suprise attack on Soviet Union - 22 June 1941
Hess was part of a coup plot to remove Winston Churchill and install Lord Halifax as Prime Minister. Halifax wanted peace with Hitler and for the British and Germans to jointly attack Stalin's Soviet Union.
One of the most dangerous moments in history according to Veterans Today columnist and barrister Michael Shrimpton.
Lord Halifax tried to negotiate peace with the Nazis
Lord Halifax, Britain's Foreign Secretary at the outbreak of the Second World War, secretly met with an Old Etonian who tried to broker a peace deal with the Nazis, according to newly-declassified security files.
By Chris Hastings, Public Affairs Editor - 2:09PM BST 30 Aug 2008
The files reveal that shortly after the outbreak of war Halifax helped with the travel arrangements of John Lonsdale Bryans, who believed he could bring down Hitler by making contact with prominent anti-Nazi Germans including Ulrich von Hassell, the former German ambassador in Rome.
Initially Lonsdale Bryans thought he could drum up support for an anti-Nazi coup in Germany. But he subsequently changed tactic and tried to contact Adolf Hitler in a bid to negotiate a peace.
The disclosure that the Foreign Secretary had such close links with someone trying to contact Hitler during wartime will reignite the debate about his own beliefs.
Halifax, who met Hitler in 1937, was criticised for being too close to the cause of appeasement. Shortly after Churchill took over as Prime Minister in 1940 he was moved from the Foreign Office to the British Embassy in Washington.
The documents reveal that Halifax met Lonsdale Bryans, personally helped with his travel arrangements and even accepted intelligence reports from him.
A letter in the files from the passport office to Captain WS Mars, dated January 9, 1940, states: "The permit granted on the 8th was given at the request of Mr CGS Stevenson, the Private Secretary to Lord Halifax, who telephoned to say that the Secretary of State wished that all possible facilities should be granted to Mr Bryans."
More details of Lord Halifax's involvement are contained in a internal note for the Ministry of Information dated October 19, 1945.
Its states: "Lonsdale Bryans met Lord Halifax on 25 August 1939. That he should travel to Europe to make contact with enemy groups opposed to Hitler. Lord Halifax is reputed to have said that Britain would not fight for Danzig and the [Polish] corridor and later to have minuted that he was impressed by the proposal."
Security officials stumbled upon the mission by accident when they arrested an associate of Lonsdale Bryans called Anderson who had letters from the old Etonian on his person.
A note connected with an interrogation of Anderson states: "The main point which seemed to emerge from the interrogation was that according to Anderson, Lonsdale Bryans was a personal friend of Lord Brocket and also claimed to be something in the nature of an unofficial envoy of Lord Halifax. He wished to see Hitler and with this in view had asked Anderson to get in touch with a certain Stahmer that Bryans would be vouched by a number of persons including those on the list."
On December 13, 1940, MI5 contacted Sir Alexander Codogan, the Permanent Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office, to provide further details of the arrest and to disclose what the service had learned about Lonsdale Bryans from his associate.
The MI5 note states: "With reference to our conversation yesterday afternoon with regard to the case of John Lonsdale Bryans, I attach a copy of a letter which this individual wrote to the Director of the Schwartzhaupter Verlay, Leipzig, evidently offering to make a trip to Germany for the purpose of an audience with the Fuhrer.
"In writing this letter Bryans has of course been guilty of an offence under the Defence Regulations (DR4A) in the he has attempted to communicate with the enemy, but I certainly agree with your view that in the circumstances of the case the suggestion that we should request the Admiralty to intercept the Portuguese vessel on which Bryans is now travelling from Funchal to Lisbon is not practical."
Sir Alexander agrees that given the Foreign Office's involvement the idea of an arrest is out of the question. On 7th April 1941 he wrote: "Although there seems to be a good deal to be said for locking him up to prevent him airing his views to all and sundry, I understand that if this is done it will inevitably involve him bringing up the question of his contacts with the Foreign Office and the facilities offered to him to get into Italy.
"In the circumstances we feel that he might be left at large though of course be strictly watched."
The Foreign Office seems to have spent the rest of the war worried that Lonsdale Bryans will reveal the mission to the outside world.
One Foreign Office note from the period states: "Bryans is becoming desperately short of money and although no mischief has been done so far, I anticipate the possibility that he might try to sell his story the press. It occurs to me that it might be a good idea to warn Lonsdale Bryans as seriously and solemly as possible that he should not go on telling people of how he contacted the Germans."
An MI5 official notes on 1 March 1944: "Bryans story would make sensational reading in the Daily Mirror."
The Foreign Office provided its clearest explanation of events in a letter sent seven years after the end of the war, when the security services found out about plans by Lonsdale Bryans to write about his adventures.
In a letter dated 15 August, 1952, an official wrote: "The truth of the matter seems to be that Bryans managed, by importuning a number of influential people in the country, to get himself an interview with Lord Halifax and, by virtue of his Italian contacts, to arrange a meeting with von Hassell in Switzerland to discuss a possible revolution in Germany and peace terms. He brought back a paper which he gave to Sir Alexander Cadogan purporting to be set out von Hassell's views. His did this off his own bat and was never set on any mission by Lord Halifax or employed by HMG in any capacity whatsoever, though Lord Halifax did see him and though his journeys to Switzerland and Italy were facilitated on two occasions, but solely to the extent then necessary to enable anyone to travel."
Hitler produced thousands of paintings as a young struggling artist before joining the Bavarian Army at the outbreak of World War I
Hitler's refusal to finish off the Allies at Dunkirk was catastrophic.(Getty)
On 20 May 1940 Hitler's tanks reached the Channel coast near Noyelles-sur-Mer. Within less than two weeks they had thus achieved what the German army had failed to do in four years in 1914-18.
Huge parts of Northern France and neighbouring Belgium were now under German control. The war of Nazi Germany against its neighbours in Western Europe had reached its climax. In a daring operation, which had begun on 10 May, they seemed on the verge of victory.
Only a few bridgeheads were still held by British, French and Belgian forces. The most important one was Dunkirk. Its defence and, moreover, the evacuation of 338,682 Allied soldiers between 26 May and 4 June under the guns of German tanks, soon became part of British folklore.
The withdrawal was facilitated by the Germans' decision not to finish the Allies off. Hitler and his commanders could have pushed ahead and made the killer blow, but decided to effectively let the Allies off the hook.
This decision was surprising at the time and looks even more surprising in hindsight, giving rise to much speculation. This was nourished by one of Hitler's last statements before his suicide on 30 April 1945, claiming that he had allowed the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) to escape as a "sporting gesture" in order to induce British Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill to conclude an agreement with Nazi Germany.
Battle of Dunkirk
Hitler allowed the Allies to escape at Dunkirk.(Wikipedia)
But what actually happened? Why did Hitler decide not to press ahead with a final thrust which would surely have destroyed the Allied troops?
After being forced to withdraw from a number of battles to avoid encirclement, the Allies were eventually left with their backs against the wall, in a huge pocket near Dunkirk. They were surrounded by thousands of German troops and tanks and under the gaze of German aircraft, which had also inflicted heavy losses upon the Allies in the weeks before.
On 24 May Generals von Kluge and von Rundstedt issued the order for a halt of the German 4th Army. Hitler, as is often overlooked, only sanctioned it the same day. The reasons for this halt were manifold.
Both generals had fought in World War I and realised that, like at the Marne in 1914, a sudden Allied counter-attack could change the course of the whole war. In their eyes this risk still existed, because the British and French still offered resistance in neighbouring areas. At the same time, they wanted to give their armies time to rest, repair and replenish after a thrust whose speed and distance had taken everyone by surprise.
The decision by generals von Kluge and Rundstedt did not go uncontested. The army's chief of staff, general von Brauchitsch, disagreed and tried to repeal it at once, though without success. Hitler, for the time being, remained firm. His reasons have been a matter of much controversy.
German historian Karl Heinz Friedser, after close scrutiny of all available documents, has convincingly argued that Hitler did not, in fact, call off the attack as an olive branch to Churchill. In fact his decision was the result of his intention to, once and for all, make it clear to the military leadership that he was in fact the supreme commander of the German armed forces, and not them.
The attack resumed - but too late
On 26 May the Germans began to realise that this decision had been a terrible mistake. As a result the attack upon Dunkirk was resumed, though under different circumstances. Now, the Allies had had enough time to organise the evacuation of their troops in Operation Dynamo - as well as improve their defences and offer stiff resistance to the attacker.
Thousands of Allied soldiers were now transferred across the channel by a fleet consisting of all kinds of ships – ranging from private sailing boats to Channel ferries and Royal Navy destroyers. The Allied escape owed much to luck. Calm waters allowed the evacuation fleet to get away quickly, while low clouds helped protect it from attacks by the Luftwaffe, which had to fly in from distant airfields in Germany, thus losing important time.
Most importantly the Allies themselves could now rely upon the Royal Airforce. Its newest fighter plane, the Spitfire, proved an important means in shielding the evacuation from air attack by Messerschmidt and other planes. Goering's promise to annihilate the BEF thus proved a completely wrong forecast of what was going to happen.
When the Germans eventually reached the port of Dunkirk on 4 June, thousands of troops had safely reached British soil. The Allies had lost scores of men in combat and during the evacuation, and given up great stores of materiel including 272 ships, 177 aircraft and 2,400 guns. Yet the troops who survived would prove a crucial asset in the years that followed.
The German army had won an important battle in France, but the megalomania of Hitler and the dysfunction at the heart of the German high command denied them the chance to win the war.
Joined: 25 Jul 2005 Posts: 16155 Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England
Posted: Sun Sep 27, 2015 8:38 pm Post subject: Operation Mistletoe: Hess, Ian Fleming, Aleistair Crowley
When Rudolf Hess flew to Scotland Ian Fleming, then an Intelligence Officer, and yet to become the creator of a series of Hitlerian villains suggested that the only man to interview Hess was Aleister Crowley, the black magician and sometime initiate of the order of the golden dawn whose salute the Nazis had borrowed. Fleming was thus among the first to acknowledge that the Nazi government was an occult organisation. You have to imagine an entire nation taken over by Jim Jones or David Koresh or Luc Jouret. Imagine a United States where everyone is a member of the Klu Klux Clan https://youtu.be/sTfbBvIEbfA?t=14m2s
Ian Fleming knew that Hitler, Himmler and Hess were all fascinated by the occult, particularly Astrology, but also by Occultist rituals. Secret Agents such as Frau Nagenast , an Astrologer who Hess consulted and paid, were employed to produce charts that pointed to the 10 May being a propitious moment for Hess to fly to Britain. Fleming carefully made sure that the Astrological forecasts that Hess received from his usual Astrologers contained very similar information. This was accomplished using intrigue, bribery and forgery.
Ian Fleming also carried out Operation 'Mistletoe'. Operating with Aleistair Crowley, an expert in German occultism, Fleming and others carried out secret occult rituals in Ashdown Forest. These rituals had something to do with the fact that many leading Nazis were members of the Order of the Golden Dawn - an occult secret society. Occultism was the driving force behind many of the Nazi Party's organisations. The SS were brainwashed and indoctrinated using occult ceremonies. Two German SS officers, codenamed: 'Kestrel' and 'Sea Eagle' were contacted through the the Romanian Mission in London. They attended the rituals in Ashdown Forest, and no doubt reported back to Rudolf Hess that the Order of the Golden Dawn was alive and well amongst prominent members of British society, and that they were waiting to take power once peace was established. Hess was convinced that his plan to bring peace with Britain could lead to greater things. Perhaps even Britain joining Germany in Hitler's Armaggedon-like struggle against Soviet Russia.
However, Hess was unlikely to be convinced by just Astrology, the occult, and correspondence through the Haushofers'. Hess needed more substantial proof concerning the Peace Party. The main plot was hatched through SO1's contacts in the banking and commercial world. Leonard Ingrams was probably the mastermind behind this part of the plot. By using British Secret Service agents to establish convincing links with people Hitler and Hess trusted, SO1 could prove to them that the Duke of Hamilton really did have a Peace Party in Britain.
One of the most important people in this scheme was Carl Burkhardt (the former Governor of Danzig, and then Head of the Swiss based International Red Cross - someone who Hess and Hitler trusted implicitly.) Meetings between Burkhardt and Borenius (who had connections with leading British Politicians as an Art dealer and Historian) and subsequently Albrecht Haushofer (Hess' Adviser) helped to convince Hess that a Peace Party led by the Duke of Hamilton existed in Britain.
The final move to lure Hess to Britain was through Burkhardt. Burkhardt was given false information by a City Agent - someone in International Banking, on good terms with both the Foreign Office, secret service and Ministry of Information. Rickatson Hatt (Press Secretary of the Bank of England) is the mostly likely person. Norman, the Governor of the Bank of England met regularly with Sir Campbell Stuart, the former head of the Political Warfare Executive and representatives of the Red Cross between January and March 1941. Rickatson Hatt had an elevated status in the Bank. Norman's diary records, 'Clearance from Morton [Churchill's Intelligence Adviser]re Hatt'. Rickatson Hatt most likely passed false information about the Duke and his Peace Party to Haushofer, perhaps via intermediaries, perhaps not, who thus passed it to Hess. Hess now had overwhelming evidence from leading officials that he could fly safely to Britain to meet the Peace Party's leader, the Duke of Hamilton. The Duke, a senior officer in the RAF in Scotland would keep the British fighters away from him so he could land.
It has been conjectured that Hamilton knew about it, and was waiting for Hess, but Hess flew into the wrong airspace and was nearly intercepted by a Bolton-Paul Defiant Nightfighter. It is quite likely that Hamilton did know and was waiting for Hess, and was part of the SO1 plot. It is not an absolute requirement, but there is much evidence to suggest a tentative link with the plot, including a cover-up by Earl Mount Batten to recover papers from the Duke's home when he died.
The ultimate bait was the British offer of a meeting with King George VI, the Emperor of the British Empire. Hess was almost certainly given to understand that he would also meet General Sikorski, the Polish President who was in Newfoundland at the time. He was destined to fly to Britain on the 11th May 1941, to Prestwick, Scotland. Perhaps he was also told he would meet the Duke of Kent. Hess believed that with such people in charge of the Peace Party, and the possibility of being able to arrange a withdrawal from Poland, peace was a real possibility. Churchill would be ousted from power. The bait was placed. The trap was set.
Aleister Crowley, the father of modern occultism, is a fascinating creature. Born into an evangelical family, he broke off to become a follower of Hinduism, Buddhism and several esoteric religions and cults. He was a mountain climber, a bisexual, a magician, a novelist; he was also an avid experimenter with recreational drugs. Apparently, his spicy curries were something of a party favorite – they were not only tasty, but usually laced with a whole slew of psychoactive drugs. Much of his fame came from his connection with mysticism. He joined the Order of the Golden Dawn early on, but moved on when his lifestyle became too repellent for its other followers, including poet William Butler Yeats. While in Cairo in 1904, he and his wife Rose practiced their own brand of mysticism which ended up with Crowley writing “The Book of the Law” – the “Bible” for his new religion, Thelema. He would practice rituals, lecture and evangelize various forms of his religion for the rest of his life. L. Ron Hubbard, founder of Scientology, was a follower of Thelema for a time, and it is arguable that many of the rituals in Scientology were heavily influenced by Crowley’s work. His influence was heavy: contemporary press called him “the wickedest man in the world”, and to this day, Crowley and his work are lauded by followers of the occult.
Crowley may also have been an agent for British intelligence, and possibly other nations as well. It was not unlikely: many of the powerful politicians of that era were sympathetic to occultism – Winston Churchill himself was a Freemason and was initiated into the Albion Lodge of the Ancient Order of Druids at Blenheim Palace, and Queen Elizabeth II’s cousin, the Duke of Kent, is still the Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England – and the intelligence agencies of Britain, Russia and Germany had considered using occult experts to infiltrate occult communities that had people of importance. In any case, Crowley seems to have likely been recruited during his time at Cambridge. Directly after graduation, he was able to make fortuitous trips through Russia, China and India, where he would have been well able to report on Bolshevik progress and opium smuggling throughout Asia. While in the United States in 1915, he was heavily involved in pro-German propaganda, having been hired by Nazi agent George Sylvester Viereck to help encourage US neutrality. For his pains, he was derided as a traitor to Britain. However, he actually was a British double agent the whole time. His paymasters had ordered him to infiltrate German propaganda machines in the United States and subvert their efforts. This he did, by writing overblown and cartoony editorials that succeeded in making the pro-German lobby appear a ridiculous farce. It has been argued that his attempt to persuade the Germany Navy to bomb the Lusitania was part of this plan; the outrage, they hoped, would force the United States into the war as a British ally. His employment by the German security services did not help him when he moved to France in the late 1920s. Many high-level politicians and military officers moved in occult circles in France, and the French authorities feared Crowley’s influence. They deported him.
His next posting was Berlin in 1930. Through his occult connections, he became great friends with the Berlin far left; many biographers suggest that he was spying on the Communist movement in Germany, as he was extraordinarily well placed to do so. This speculation goes further: Crowley may have met high-level Nazi politician Rudolf Hess and/or helped arrange Hess’s escape/defection to Scotland in 1941. Rudolf Hess, during his time in the German government, had been a rigorous supporter of mysticism, as were Adolf Hitler and Heinrich Himmler. They had all spent an inordinate amount of resources into establishing a new German mystic tradition. One of their efforts was the SS-sponsored expedition to Tibet in 1938. Our own Academy of Natural Sciences here in Philadelphia even contributed $1,000! Supposedly for scientific knowledge, it actually had completely different goals. Goebbels, in a secret warning to German newspapers in 1940, said that “the chief task of the Tibet expedition [was] of a political and military nature [and] had not so much to with the solution of scientific questions.” They were not to publish anything about that, of course, and no details were provided. The first reason was important enough: they were to ascertain Tibet’s fitness for a staging ground for assaults against the British in India. Their second goal, however, was to verify that pure-blooded Aryans had settled in Tibet, to “prove” Himmler’s Nazi racial theory. In any case, Hess, Hitler and Himmler regularly consulted with mystics and clairvoyants, and there was an extremely high possibility that Crowley had come into contact with Hess during his time there. In 1941, a few days after Hess’s defection and during a time when Hitler was too involved in war to be enthusiastic about mysticism, Joseph Goebbels issued “an order against occultism, clairvoyancy, etc.” and privately mused that “this obscure rubbish will now be eliminated once and for all. The miracle men, Hess’s darlings, will now be put under lock and key.”
Crowley’s expertise was duly noted by James Bond creator Ian Fleming, then a lieutenant commander in Naval Intelligence and one of Hess’s interrogators. In a letter to Fleming, Crowley writes: “If it is true that Herr Hess is much influenced by astrology and Magick, my services might be of use to the Department in case he should not be willing to do what you wish.” In a note to his superior, Rear Admiral John Godfrey, Fleming asked “that Crowley should be allowed to interview Hess about the role of the occult in Nazism.” Higher-ups eventually put the kibosh on this plan, fearing that Crowley wasn’t completely loyal and may learn things he shouldn’t from Hess. That didn’t mean they didn’t consult other mystics. Rudolf Hess spoke at length on occult topics while being interrogated, and deciphering his ruminations required the work of experts familiar with those areas.
Crowley eventually died in 1947 of chronic bronchitis aggravated by pleurisy and myocardial degeneration. He was cremated in Brighton and his ashes were sent to his long-time disciple Karl Germer, who buried them in his garden in Hampton, NJ.
It wasn’t until after reading various books by the likes of A. Crowley, Manly P. Hall, G. Gardner, A. LaVey, and other occultists, or similar books on the subject, that I began to grasp how widespread “Black Magic”, Wicca and the occult really was, and which is arguably on par with many other religious orders, with as many or if not more followers than that of the Mormons, Church of Scientology or the Unification Church, alias the Moonies, whom combined have a worldwide membership of millions.
I was also rather surprised to find out that various members of our own royal family, alongside many other world leaders and politicians, such as Winston Churchill, Adolf Hitler, Rudolf Hess, Heinrich Himmler, and Russia’s royal families and their own countries leaders, whom many were members of the State Duma, were too all heavily into Black Magick, and in some cases long before the likes of Aleister Crowley even came along.
Rasputin and some of his followers
Stalin loved his Gnosticism, and it’s well known how the Tsar Nicholas II, and Tsarina Aleksandra, - with the help of “Mad Monk” Rasputin, were all well into the occult. The Occult in Russian and Soviet Culture; written in 1997 and edited by Bernice Glatzer Rosenthal, is a book which provides a comprehensive account of the influence of occult beliefs and doctrines on intellectual and cultural life in twentieth-century Russia.
The Occult in Russian and Soviet Culture
Other contributors document occultism in the cultural life of the early Soviet period,  examining the traces of the occult in the culture at the height of the Stalin era, and describe the occult rise and revival in contemporary Russia today.
It’s seems as if Crowley just happened to be the man of the moment, who too was Freemason, as were many in high society in them days. The occult was a popular pastime, endorsed by the likes of Queen Victoria, and which lingered on for decades and long after she had long passed away.
It appears as if Crowley was employed to advise various world leaders in England, Germany and Russia, - and perhaps even further afield in the realms of an occultist. It was also around this same period of time and without each other’s knowledge, [or so they say], he was simultaneously advising all three of those countries leaders, that was perhaps a contributory reason that gave cause for the worlds press to go on and brand him as being; “The wickedest man in the world, and; A man we’d love to hang”. You could say Crowley was a kind of triple - agent, as it was known he worked as a spy with a code name; The Beast-666.
It also appears as if on one hand he was advising Churchill, thus the British government as to what Adolf and his chums were getting up to. - Whilst on the other hand telling Hitler what a magick bloke he was, and what in his opinion Himmler and his jackboot boys should be conjuring-up in the sphere of occult that could perhaps help them overcome their enemies.
Richard B. Spence writes in his 2008 book; Secret Agent 666: Aleister Crowley, British Intelligence and the Occult; that Crowley could have been a lifelong agent for British Intelligence.
While this may have already been the case during his many travels to Tsarist Russia, Switzerland, Asia, Mexico and North Africa that had started in his student days, he could have been involved with this line of work during his life in America during the First World War, under a cover of being a German propaganda agent and a supporter of Irish independence
Crowley’s mission might have been to gather information about the German intelligence network, the Irish independent activists and produce unusually propaganda, aiming at compromising the German and Irish ideals. As an agent provocateur he could have played some role in provoking the sinking of the RMS Lusitania, thereby bringing the United States closer to active involvement in the war alongside the Allies. He also used German magazines; The Fatherland and The International as outlets for his other writings. The question of whether Crowley was a spy has always been subject to debate, but Spence uncovered a document from the US Army’s old Military Intelligence Division supporting Crowley’s own claim to having been a spy: Aleister Crowley was an employee of the British Government ... in this country on official business of which the British Consul, New York City has full cognisance. 
Spence writes: “Crowley the spy is approached by two nondescript men, already being a spy, he should have been used to this, but no, these men are from MI5 and he wasn’t expecting what was to come. They take him to London and descend into a military compound deep beneath the city streets. Codenames are exchanged, secrecy was sworn and ‘Operation Mistletoe’ begins”. 
This is one of many secret tunnels and subterranean “worlds”, that are throughout the capital and can be found deep underground at Highgate, Waterloo and Piccadilly stations etc., and that my own father who worked for the Department of Environment - [DoE] during 70’s, has been deep below the streets of London’s West-end, and that some go down three or more levels than the current overhead pavement level. In fact ancient and modern mines, shafts, tunnels and bunkers cover the whole of the UK, many used, many disused and many still top-secret.
Hitler is well known for his dabbling in the occult, as were several of his subordinates, including Rudolf Hess. Crowley is asked by MI5 to perform a complex occult ritual to shift the Nazi power off balance. The ritual took place in Ashdown Forest, Sussex, and for a full rundown and clearer insight of the story, read; The Secrets of Aleister Crowley by Amado Crowley, Crowley’s son, who claims as a teenager was there throughout this ritual.
He also claims very prominent members of society attended and participated in the ritual, among who were members of the royal family and the British government of the day, including the then Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and the James Bond 007 author Ian Fleming. We already know that the Queen Victoria accepted spiritualism as an everyday thing, and that the present Queen Elizabeth II cousin, the Duke of Kent is the Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England, and as of 2011 still is. At that in 2008 a branch of the Freemasons was formed by members of the Royal Household and the police officers who protect the Royal Family, calling it The Royal Household Lodge.
Ian Fleming's Grave at Sevenhampton
They were all dressed up in hooded robes blazoned with occult symbolism, and which has a meaning and significance to the event. The actual ritual is long and complex, and you can only imagine how visually awe-inspiring it must of been to see such famous faces among hundreds of British and Canadian soldiers, who too were part of this played out ritual, and who also dressed up in the same kind of robes and which they wore over the top of their military uniforms.
When a life size mannequin – an effigy of Rudolf Hess was dressed in Nazi uniform, and was seated on and tied to a throne-like chair.
Two crowds of troops and other prominent members of society moved in circles; one outer and one inner circle, one began to slowly move in the direction of the sun, whilst the other move against it, thus forming two spinning circles going in opposite directions, then with linked arms they fasten the pace of the spin and proceeded to go around faster and faster, and whilst doing so chanting out-loud.
The high Priest and Priestess would stand on the outer and inner border of the circle of the linked armed dancers, who would in turn flail-whip the participants with the cat o’ nine, to make them step in a more frenzied manner, so as to elevate the energy from within side the circle.  The circle is normally done so in skyclad tradition, [nude], and once the dance reaches its climax, the priestess would motion the dancers, who would then fall to the ground, and as they did so, she would then funnel the cone for its enhanced energy and power.
The “Ring a Ring o’ Roses” folksong and playground singing game comes to mind, and it was reported being sung to the current tune in the 1790’s. It can be found with various interpretations in America, Germany and England, whereas in the latter we believed it was connected to the Great Plague of London in 1665, or the earlier Black Death, and that the; “...we all fall down”, part of the song, meant you died, - though interpreters of the rhyme before World War II make no mention of this .
Though I believe there is a much older and pagan element to the tale, and connected to such rituals as I’m presently discussing, and with similar attributes to the “Maypole” dance and tradition which has its roots linked to The Tree of Life and Germanic paganism, as there is much speculation that the maypoles were in some way a continuation of a Germanic pagan tradition.
One theory holds that they were a remnant of the Germanic reverence for sacred trees, as there is evidence for various sacred trees and “wooden pillars” that were venerated by the pagans across much of Germanic Europe, including Thor’s Oak  [the Tories symbol is the Oak tree, and Hitler’s SS wore the Oak leave badge, on their collars] and the “Irminsul” a kind of pillar, an Old Saxon, “great/mighty pillar” or “arising pillar” [Masonic].
In the book: German History IV The Franks, it reads: "With a well-equipped armies of Charles drew 772 to Saxony and destroyed everything with fire and sword. He also destroyed the fortress Eresburg (at Niedermarsberg) with the Irminsulsäule. This column was a giant of a tree that was on the faith of the Saxons, the universe and therefore was worshiped as divine by them".
The oldest chronicle describing an Irminsul refers to it as a tree trunk erected in the open air.  The Irminsul is also referred to as the chief seat of power in Saxon religion. And Jacob Grimm, one half of the Brothers Grimm, states that “strong reasons” point to the actual location of the “Irminsul” as being approximately 15 miles away, in the Teutoburg Forest, and says that the original name for the region “Osning” may have meant “Holy Wood”. [Elohim/God[s]/ Holy Spirit] - and where “stars are made” today?
It was all timed with great precision by Crowley, using a combination of astrological, astronomy, and referring to the latitude and longitude degrees and measurements - each and every time the crowd came to a sudden stop, and faced inwards, - the runes stitched onto the robes then spelt a different set of messages aimed towards the mannequin of Rudolph Hess.
Diagram showing how altitude (or elevation) is measured
'waste man' by antony gormley
On the 27th - 28th September 2007, numerous British news services published descriptions of conflict between his Western and Soviet captors over his treatment and how the Soviet captors were steadfast in denying repeated entreaties for his release on humanitarian grounds during his last years. His son Wolf Rüdiger Hess claimed that his father was murdered, as on the 17th August 1987, Hess died while under “Four Power” imprisonment at Spandau Prison in West Berlin, at the age of 93. 
If he had been found dead, say in his sleep, or had fallen over, then the argument that he had been murdered could be shot-down and debunked, and especially so if someone was now going to try and raise the issue he had perhaps been poisoned, or pushed over or down a flight of stairs etc., but he didn’t die in any of those kind of ways, and due to the way he was found dead, obviously raises doubt as to what might of really took place. Now when you have reached that ripe old age of 93, one, you’re very lucky to have done so, if of course you view it that way, and two, as I’m sure once you had reach such landmark age, you’d be quite determined to reach the 100 year old mark, or as near to it as your lifespan permitted you to do so, - so as to be able to give your captors and critics, the proverbial middle finger, no matter how old, bent and crooked it was, it’s what you’d love to be able to achieve. However, he was found in a summer house in a garden located in a secure area of the prison, with an electrical cord wrapped around his neck. His death was ruled a suicide by self-asphyxiation, and was buried at Wunsiedel, in a Hess family grave plot.
Spandau Prison in 1951 - with traditional Masonic pillars and Royal Arch
Spandau Prison was then allegedly demolished to prevent it from becoming a shrine. At the time of his death, he was the last surviving member of Hitler’s cabinet, and Hess has become a figure of veneration among neo-Nazis. After Hess’s death, neo-Nazis from Germany and the rest of Europe gathered in Wunsiedel for a memorial march and similar demonstrations have taken place every year around the anniversary of his death. These gatherings were banned from 1991 to 2000 and neo-Nazis tried to assemble in other cities and countries such as the Netherlands and Denmark. Demonstrations in Wunsiedel were again legalised in 2001.
Germany's far right
Germans taking part in the annual march to remember the allied bombing of Dresden. Photograph: Timothy Fadek
Over 5,000 neo-Nazis marched in 2003, with over 9,000 in 2004, marking some of the biggest Nazi demonstrations in Germany since 1945. After stricter German legislation regarding demonstrations by neo-Nazis was enacted in March 2005, the demonstrations were banned again, however over 6,000 neo-Nazis descended in Dresden for the annual march in 2009, though last year  the rain was so bad, the attendance was reported as being in its low hundreds, though I have a feeling it’s going to be much bigger this year, the next and the following, - despite it being banned.
Author Philip Heselton writes about in his books; Wiccan Roots:- Gerald Gardner and the Modern Witchcraft Revival and Gerald Gardner and The Cauldron of Inspiration. Gardner was close friends of fellow Freemason Crowley, and who met regularly with other people who too were into witchcraft. He and his wife lived in the New Forest region, where Gardner [portrayed on front cover of book below] was involved with the Fellowship of Crotona, an occult group of Co-Freemasons, a Masonic order established by Mrs. Besant Scott, daughter of the Theosophist Annie Besant of the Theosophical Society .
WICCAN ROOTS: Gerald Gardner & The Modern Witchcraft Revival - Cover
This group had established the first Rosicrucian theatre in England, which presented plays having occult themes. Members of the Fellowship of Crotona claimed to be hereditary Witches, whose family members had practiced the craft for centuries, and such practice had not been interrupted by the witch-hunts of the middle-ages and Renaissance period . This group met in the New Forest [no connection with Ashdown Forest], and just days before World War II began in 1939, Gardner was initiated into the coven by the high priestess Old Dorothy Clutterbuck, despite its suggestion, she was younger than the 55 year old Gardner, who had white wild candyfloss shaped hair and a grey goatee beard .
Dorothy Clutterbuck-1880-1951-was a wealthy Englishwoman and is perhaps the most elusive and secretive of the high priestesses and witches to have come to the forefront of the modern era of witchcraft. And very little was known about Old Dot, that for many years sceptics and historians had believed that she was a figment of Gardner’s imagination, who had invented her solely to justify his belief, that there was still the existence of practicing witches of the Witch-Craft.
And it wasn’t until after two years research and investigations, that in 1980, Doreen Valiente, who was also a pupil of Gardner’s, and the reason she seems to have wanted to clear this matter of uncertainty up, was able to prove through birth and death records that Old Dorothy was indeed a real person through church records held at India House, London. Doreen has been able to establish Dorothy’s parents, and a record of Dorothy’s birth. It revealed that in India where Capt. Thomas St Quintin Clutterbuck, aged 38, married Ellen Anne Morgan aged 20, at Lahore, India, in 1877. Three years later they had a child and young Dorothy was born in Bengal, India on the 19th January 1880. 
She baptised in the church of St Paul’s, Umbala, on the 21st February 1880, and it appears she came to England following the death of her father. She was a practising Christian, and never publicly identified herself as a witch, and appears like most Freemasons do, to have been an outwardly respectable member of the local community, and a supporter of the Conservative party. One scandal attached to her, was an allegation that Rupert Fordham a local JP and high ranking officer in the Salvation Army, who was already married to a mentally ill woman, whilst still with Old Dot, who took on his name, though the two were not legally married. Fordham died in May 1939 in a car accident, and Clutterbuck had reverted to her maiden name by the time of her death.
Philip Heselton at a Gardner convention.
Valiente also went on to interpret Gardner’s statements which implied that Old Dorothy had personally initiated him into the coven, though later authors such as Philip Heselton and Eleanor Bone, claim that his initiator was in fact his true magical partner Edith Woodford-Grimes, and to this day it hasn’t been proved one way or the other. 
The coven, including Gardner, joined with other witches in southern England on the 31st July 1940 on Lummas [Lammas] Eve, normally regarded as a Harvest Festival, to perform a ritual to prevent Hitler’s forces from invading England. It is claimed, that the oldest and frailest members of the coven gave themselves up as a voluntary human sacrifices and five members died as a result, - they intentionally left off the flying ointment used to keep their sky-clad/naked bodies warm on cold nights, and so that they might die of exposure instead. It is said Gardner himself, felt his health had been adversely affected following this particular ritual.
Lammas Eve or Oidche Lugnasa is the festival celebrated on this night in honor of the sun god Lugh. His yearly sacrifice at the end of the harvest ensured the fertility of the corn and grain for the next growing season. An old August Eve tradition practiced by rural Scots is predicting the following year's marriages and deaths by throwing sickles into the air and drawing omens from the position in which they fall.
Human sacrifice is thousands of years old and its practice, if you can excuse the pun, has never died out, and if you think it no longer happens in 2011, as it did in 2001, then you’re even a bigger fool than you thought you were in the first place.
[ photograph ]
Human sacrifice, as depicted in ancient Greek pottery
Child sacrifice to Moloch in ancient Jerusalem
Aztec Mesoamerican Human Sacrifice
Peruvians in Peru human sacrifice
General Butt Naked
Human sacrifice can take on a whole array of situations and circumstances, war being a classic, it’s purely done to enhance the power to the believer of the occult, - and as I’ve said before, - is the reason I believe the wooded area and the field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania was chosen for Flight 93 on 9/11 - 2001, to have appeared to have crashed there, as opposed to it being shot down, blown-up and part-vaporised-thus helping to dispose of a lot telltale evidence.
Then in the New Forest a Great Circle was created, and a cone of power raised and sent across the Channel Sea with the telepathic message: “You cannot cross. You cannot come. You cannot come.” - A similar rite was allegedly performed by old-time witches to stop the French, and earlier the Spanish Armada. Not everyone accepts this story as fact. One Gardnerian High Priestess dismissed it as one of Gerald’s fairy tales, though Old Dorothy turned out to be true. Cecil Williamson  claims that Gardner based it on the already covered wartime Operation Mistletoe ritual  in the Ashdown Forest.
Again debunkers may try and dismiss certain claims and details I have covered here, but remember we are dealing with sensitive information about secret societies, fraternities, groups, fellowships and other organisations in general, all who are renowned for their oath taking and initiations rites, that are deeply ingrained within in loyal member’s makeup, as their minds have been branded, which has gone straight to the psyche of who they think they really are, and what they truly believe in. And this is how such secrecy and loyalty is maintained, and the reasons there is this unwillingness to reveal information about themselves, their covens, fraternities, clubs and organisations etc., and whereas on the rare occasions they may choose to do so, it’s normally done in order to help create misinformation, that leads onto disinformation and red-herrings being placed in front of the inquisitor, which thus causes even more of a confusion and cries of conspiracy theories are more likely to be made. I decided to include the above-said; Gardner-New Forest ritual, so as not to confuse the reader with the actual Crowley - Operation Mistletoe, Ashdown Forest ritual, - and again if in doubt, shout it out, and do your own further research on these matters.
Freemasonry can be generally separated into two time periods: before and after the formation of the Grand Lodge of England in 1717. Before this time, the facts and origins of Freemasonry are not absolutely known and are therefore frequently explained by theories or legends. After the formation of the Grand Lodge of England, the history of Freemasonry  is extremely well-documented and can be traced through the creation of hundreds of Grand Lodges that spread rapidly throughout the world. The Illuminati, [Plural of Latin Illuminatus, - enlightened.] is a name that refers to several groups, both historical and modern, and both real and fictitious. Historically, it refers specifically to the Bavarian Illuminati, an Enlightenment era secret society founded on May 1, 1776, by Johann Adam Weishaupt [1748-1830], who was a German philosopher and founder of the Order of Illuminati, a secret society with origins in Bavaria] 
The Masonic/Illuminati world is a complex as the universe itself, so I go into much more detail about this world throughout the book that should help the novice be able to get a wider understanding into how multifaceted, intricate and difficult this whole subject is. There are thousands of Masonic/Iluminati groups. - Old Orders, New Orders, breakaway Orders, Second or Third Orders and Splinter Orders among an array of other kinds of fraternities and organisations spanning the globe. And it is because of these reasons it can be quite complicated for me to easily explain, and for you to simply understand when I am perhaps talking about the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, aka as simply the Golden Dawn of England, or the Golden Dawn of Germany etc., as I simply don’t have the room to fully satisfy the stickler-to-details, or the purist on this subject within this book.
So I hope you can perhaps understand, by bearing in mind what I’ve just said, and accept my non-preciseness of certain information and details, and especially so in other sections of the book that isn’t necessarily dedicated to that particular subject in the specific part you’re reading, but whereas I have just included it as part of an overall picture, and will, and do go into more precise details in other chapters that are perhaps actually dedicated to that precise subject. – I say this because at certain times I may well be explaining something, and to the knowing reader of a specific topic they might stop and think; “Hold up, this isn’t right, blah, blah, blah...” As for example in the forthcoming text, I state that many leading Nazis’, were members of the Order of the Golden Dawn of Germany, whereas the stickler of facts, even though they could well be wrong, may well say: “But this is incorrect as Hitler banned Freemasonry, so I find it unlikely many leaders of the Nazi’s were Freemasons or alike, as on Hitler’s rise to power, all ten Grand Lodges of Germany were dissolved, and many prominent dignitaries and members of the Order were sent to concentration camps. The lodges were looted and much of what was taken was then exhibited in an Anti-Masonic Exposition  to provide some background information and inform the German people about the Masonic influence within their country and was inaugurated in 1937 by Herr Dr. Joseph Goebbels in Munich, blah, blah, blah...”
And yes, it’s true Hitler did ban Freemasonry, but he also loved everything about it, he was after all funded and pushed forward to become what he became with the help of the Illuminati, as believe me, without such help, he wouldn’t have been able to do so, nor would have Mussolini. In one of his famous speeches he threatens and vow’s to crush and drive out of Germany “all” the other then 30 odd political parties in opposition at that time, including Freemasonry and the Church, as he was simply wanting to eradicate any form of opposition. “Their [the Freemasons] hierarchical organisation and the initiation through symbolic rites, that is to say without bothering the brains but by working on the imagination through magic and the symbols of a cult - all this is the dangerous element and the element I have taken over. Don’t you see that our party must be of this character? ...An Order, - that is what it has to be - an Order, the hierarchical Order of a secular priesthood.” - Adolph Hitler, Mein Kampf.
And many seem to overlook the fact that the planning of the Second World War, started when Hitler joined an occult secret society called the Thule Society in 1919. It was in this group, - that is as close to Freemasonry as you can possibly expect to get, and something similar to the Order of Demolay, [whom I explain about further on], and it was at the Thule Society where he found his beliefs, that were later to lead him in his control of the German government. In the Thule Society: ... the Sun played a prime role... as a sacred symbol of the Aryans, in contrast to... the moon, revered by the Semitic peoples.
Hitler saw in the Jewish people, with their black hair and swarthy complexions, the dark side of the human species, whilst the blond and blue-eyed Aryans constituted the light side of humanity. Hitler undertook to completely remove from the material world its impure elements. - In addition to Sun [or light] worship, the Thule Society also practiced Satan worship: The inner-core within the Thule Society, were all Satanists who practiced Black Magic.
The Thule Society was not a working-man’s group, as it included amongst its members: Judges, police-chiefs, barristers, lawyers, university professors and lecturers, aristocratic families, leading industrialists, surgeons, physicians, scientists, as well as a host of rich and influential middle classes, - sounding familiar? - Membership of the Thule Society became the foundation of the Nazi Party: it’s Committee and the forty original members of the New German Worker’s Party were all drawn from the Thule Society. 
So as I’ve explained, I can’t keep defending, or constantly supplying all the information all the time, but will and shall do so at the appropriate time and place within the book the best I can.
William Wynn Westcott [1848-1925] was a coroner, ceremonial magician and a Freemason, born in Leamington, Warwickshire, England.  Was a Supreme Magus of the Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia [S.R.I.A] and went on to co-found the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn [HOGD] with Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers and William Robert Woodman in 1887, using the motto V.H. Frater Sapere Aude [Magica motto, Frater = Men, Dare to know]. - Around this time, he was also active in the Theosophical Society. In 1896, he abandoned public involvement with the HOGD due to pressure regarding his job as a Crown Coroner, with which it was seen as an ‘unseemly association’, and I’d wish that was pointed out in the Ian Tomlinson Inquiry. He continued to head the S.R.I.A. and later was involved with the HOGD breakaway Stella Matutina [Morning Star, i.e. Venus, also referred to as Lucifer]. The Stella Matutina was an initiatory magical order dedicated to the dissemination of the traditional teachings of the earlier HOGD.
In 1897 Westcott was replaced as head [of the London lodge] of HOGD by a woman, Florence Farr. Crowley too joined the English Golden Dawn in 1898, though was expelled some afterwards, as many members viewed him as a fool, as to claim association with the 666 Beast of Revelation 13, whereas they preferred to keep their association with such things secret . After Crowley’s expulsion from the Golden Dawn, the organisation was ruined by scandals; it splintered and for all practical purposes became ineffective with the publicity of its secret rituals and activities. But through all this, an Anglo-German,  Theodor Reuss [1855-1923] was an Anglo-German tantric occultist, anarchist, police spy, journalist, singer, and promoter of Women’s Liberation; and the successor to Carl Kellner as head of Ordo Templi Orientis. Reuss attempted to gather up an assortment of Illuminati groups, including Golden Dawn and the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, which he then united under the name, Ordo Templi Orientis [OTO].
Reuss had also been a member of the SRIA [i.e. as was the Golden Dawn’s founder, Westcott]. Westcott had claimed the Golden Dawn of Germany to have accepted a rarity in Freemasonry - that was the inclusion of both men and women as members. Reuss also admitted men and women in OTO. Apparently, then, OTO was intended as an extension of the German branch of Golden Dawn, but in any case was emphatically an extension of the British branch. Indeed, OTO should be viewed as the fixer-upper of the fallen and ailing Golden Dawn.
So with this in mind, it’s said the reason and logic behind the Operation Mistletoe, Ashdown Forest rituals, had something to do with the fact that many leading Nazis were members of the occult secret society the Order of the Golden Dawn of Germany. Occultism was the driving force behind many of the Nazi Party’s organisations. The SS were brainwashed and indoctrinated using occult ceremonies. Two German SS officers, codenamed: Kestrel and Sea Eagle were contacted through the Romanian Mission in London. They attended the rituals in Ashdown Forest, and no doubt reported back to Rudolf Hess that the Order of the Golden Dawn was alive and kicking amongst prominent members of British society, and that they were waiting to take power once peace was established. Hess was convinced that his plan to bring peace with Britain could lead to greater things. Perhaps even Britain joining Germany in Hitler’s Armageddon-like struggle against Soviet Russia.
However, it was believed it was unlikely Hess would be convinced by just Astrology, the occult, and correspondence through Albrecht Haushofer [adviser to Hess] alone. Hess would need more substantial proof concerning the Peace Party in the UK. So a major plot was hatched by British Intelligence SO1’s contacts in the banking and commercial world, whom ex-banker Fleming had many contacts, to fool perhaps Admiral Wilhelm Canaris, head of the Abwehr [German Intelligence], and Hess, a lover all things English such the “Saxe-Coburg Gotha” family no doubt, and believer in astrology and the occult, whose connections with Britain were through the pro-British Albrecht Haushofer family who were German decent Royal Family, thus as close to our own Royal Family as you could get, - that by Hess defecting to the UK, he could help bring about the end of the war. 
It’s a very simple but effective plan that I haven’t the room to explain more fully here, and mentioned it mainly due to the Operation Mistletoe connection. SO1; was the Special Operations 1 unit who’s staff formed part of the Political Warfare Executive [SO1/PWE] and was a British clandestine body created to produce and disseminate both white and black propaganda, with the aim of damaging enemy morale and sustaining the morale of the ‘occupied countries’ . The Executive was formed in August 1941, reporting to the Foreign Office. In March 1940 Peter Fleming, the brother of Ian Fleming lay in bed ill. There he wrote a book called Flying Visit.  The book was a “What If”, fictional account. It asked: “What if the Fuhrer flew to Britain and made peace?” And who else was better placed than Ian Flemings own brother, and perhaps it formed the basis of one of the greatest sting operations ever carried out, and again you only have to look at such other operations Ian Fleming was the mastermind behind, such Operation Ruthless, Operation Mincemeat and Operation Northwoods to understand these kinds of plans are anything but farfetched.
I would like to point out, that in my humble opinion, and of what I have read and researched, Hess would very likely have known exactly what he was doing, and the reason as to why he travelled alone to Scotland in the first place. However it appears like most historical facts, that historian and commentators have constructed a good cover story and narrative of the Hess flight drawing together many interesting parallels and threads by portraying him as the unwitting victim of British psychological warfare, as opposed to being fully aware as to what was going on, and working in direct collusion and alongside his fellow Freemasons across the waters from Germany.
On the 10th April 2010, its been alleged a passenger airplane crashed due to “foggy bad weather” conditions in Smolensk, Russia, killing the Polish president Lech Kaczynski, his wife Maria, their chief of the president’s chancellery, chief of the National Security Office; Slawomir Skrzypek the National Bank of Poland chairman, the deputy speaker of the lower house, the Foreign Ministry’s undersecretary of state, deputy minister of national defence and Przemyslaw Gosiewski the Law and Justice party deputy chair and many more top officials, - where in total all 96 passengers were killed. The fact that so many top officials were all on the same plane is itself suspect, and goes without saying when so many officials are all together like that, then you wouldn’t be wrong thinking so kind of tragedy was being planned. It’s been alleged the dark forces of Russia was in some way involved in the crash, as oddly enough Kaczynski and his officials were visiting Smolensk to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the ‘Katyn massacre’, which took place in forests outside the town. The massacre of Polish officers by Russian ‘secret police’ was one of the most notorious incidents of WWII, and has long been a source of bitter tension between the governments of Poland and Russia.
You may wonder what the above mentioned air crash has to do with what I’m saying, - and nothing really other than the way it crashed, and what again seems to always look like a coincidence of events, in the oddest of situations. And here’s some food for thought, - in which many believe that the “real” Rudolf Hess didn’t actually appear in Nuremberg, and that a double was used instead. Hess: A Tale of Two Murders is a book by Hugh Thomas who covers this argument. – Winston Churchill said: “In wartime, truth is so precious that she should always be attended by a bodyguard of lies.” It’s always been alleged Prince George [the Duke of Kent] was killed on 25th August 1942 when the Short Sunderland flying boat in which he was a passenger, crashed due to “foggy bad weather” into a hillside near Dunbeath, Caithness. 
It’s also been alleged that Britain’s intelligence service and with the knowledge of Churchill assassinated the Duke of Kent by using a similar scenario to him kill off, as they got wind he was on the verge of a private peace-pact with Germany, and had it gone through, Churchill would have humiliatingly been ousted from power. Investigative journalist Frank Nancarrow said Rudolph Hess was on this ‘same flight’, and that the man in Spandau prison, was the imposter Hugh Thomas was referring to in his book, as do authors Lynn Picknett, Clive Prince and Stephen Prior where in their books: Double Standards: The Rudolf Hess Cover-up and War of the Windsor’s, also claim that the Duke of Kent’s plane stopped to pick up Hess.
Joined: 25 Jul 2005 Posts: 16155 Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England
Posted: Thu Jun 16, 2016 12:00 pm Post subject:
The writer John Harris asserts that Borenius was sent by the British to Geneva to deliver a message to an associate of Rudolf Hess as part of a plan to entice him to Britain. The message was an invitation for Hess to meet the British Royal Family to facilitate an Anglo-Nazi alliance, removing Winston Churchill from power. The invitation was a trap. According to Harris, "the incredible plot that led to Hess's capture bought Britain time from a planned German invasion...and ultimately was a turning point in defeating Hitler and winning the war. Without Tancred's involvement, there can be little doubt that Britain, and much of Europe, would be speaking German today."
Rudolf Hess: A New Technical Analysis of the Hess Flight, May 1941 (2013)
By John Harris, Richard Wilbourn
Carl Tancred Borenius is described in the Von Hassell diaries as having 'very intimate connections with the Royal House (principally the Queen).' This raises questions as to who Tancred Borenius claimed to be representing. Was he even appearing to be an emissary of the British royal family?
Joined: 25 Jul 2005 Posts: 16155 Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England
Posted: Thu Jun 16, 2016 12:07 pm Post subject:
Was Royal behind a secret plot to use Nazi Rudolf Hess to topple Winston Churchill?
14:37, 10 MAY 2016 UPDATED 15:00, 10 MAY 2016
BY STEVE MYALL
Exactly 75 years ago today Adolf Hitler's deputy Fuhrer flew to Scotland to negotiate peace but a new book says it was in fact a plan to overthrow the British wartime leader
Rudolf Hess was Adolf Hitler's deputy and private secretary Rudolf Hess was Adolf Hitler's deputy and private secretary
King George VI’s younger brother was the central figure in a failed Anglo-German conspiracy to topple Winston Churchill and make peace with the Nazis.
And it was to happen when Rudolf Hess parachuted into Britain during the Second World War.
So claim two experts who believe Prince George, the Duke of Kent, was instrumental in planning an audacious coup d’état to oust the wartime Prime Minister and forge an alliance with Hitler .
Unlike Churchill, who famously vowed to “never surrender”, the Prince and his circle feared that Britain could only be saved from the clutches of the Gestapo by forming a treaty with the Fuhrer.
A wartime truce would also protect the Royal Family and the aristocracy from being killed or imprisoned under German rule, historians now believe.
MirrorpixThe Duke of Kent arriving to open the new PCHA building in Newcastle 10 May 1935Authors suspect The Duke of Kent was behind a plot to overthrow Winston Churchill
But Churchill, who had the support of the nation and of its military, stood in the way of the potential peace negotiators.
In one of the most dramatic moments of intrigue during the Second World War in 1941 Hess took it upon himself to fly solo to Scotland to make contact with the establishment in an attempt to keep Britain out of the war.
He parachuted in but was captured by the Home Guard and then held in the Tower of London, he died in 1987 after spending the rest of his life in prison following the Nuremberg trials at the end of the war.
GettySoldiers and policemen in Eaglesham inspect the wreckage of the Messerschmitt ME-110 in which Nazi leader Rudolf Hess made his solo flight to ScotlandSoldiers and policemen in Eaglesham inspect the wreckage of the Messerschmitt ME-110 in which Nazi leader Rudolf Hess made his solo flight to Scotland
Hess' motives have fascinated war historians for more than seven decades and now a new book suggests he was in cahoots with members of the British Royal family.
According to Rudolf Hess: Treachery and Deception the Prince, the Queen's uncle, and his co-conspirators planned to seize power by calling upon the King to depose Churchill using his ‘reserve powers’ — rarely-used special powers that enable a monarch to dismiss a Prime Minister and their Government without any approval.
A 30,000-strong army of allied Poles, which by 1941 had fled their homeland and were based in Scotland, were to support the coup with the implied threat of firepower should it be required.
Time Life Pictures/GettyFinnish scholar Tancred Bornius, director of the Polish Relief Fund, sitting in his officeIt has been claimed that during World War II Tancred Borenius worked as a spy for the British government and was instrumental in enticing Rudolf Hess to fly to Britain
The authors of the book say Hitler had "nothing to lose" and if plan worked, Germany would have the UK as an ally in his planned invasion of Russia.
If not, Hitler would continue with his plan to land troops on the south coast and conquer Britain at his leisure, once Russia was beaten.
Despite months of planning, the conspiracy failed when Hess was apprehended by government forces after parachuting near Glasgow, when his plane ran out of fuel – a pivotal moment in WWII and one that went on to safeguard Britain’s independence.
The gripping revelations come on the day of the 75th anniversary of Hess’ flight.
Jema PublicationsJohn Harris co-author of Rudolf Hess: Treachery and DeceptionJohn Harris co-author of Rudolf Hess: Treachery and Deception
Co-authors John Harris and Richard Wilbourn studied almost 10,000 documents over a period of more than 25 years in their quest to discover the real reason behind Hess’ visit – one of the greatest unsolved mysteries of the Second World War , and the subject of countless conspiracy theories.
The evidence they say, “very strongly points” to an Anglo-German coup centred around the Royal Family itself.
It's not the first time the Royal family has had unwanted Nazi associations - last year footage came to light showing the Queen, then aged either six or seven, join the Queen Mother and her uncle Prince Edward, the Prince of Wales, in raising an arm in Nazi salute.
Harris, a well-known authority on Hess, said: “The real reason for the Hess Flight has been a mystery for three quarters of a century, but we believe it can only have been for one of two reasons: either it was an elaborate lure by the British to buy time, or it was a genuine attempt by a small group of aristocratic conspirators to stage a coup.
“Having weighed up all the evidence, and in light of recent discoveries we have made, we now believe that it was, in fact, a coup attempt centred around Prince George.
“The aristocracy had the most to lose from Churchill staying in power. All they knew was that Germany was bombing Britain nightly, softening the country up prior to an invasion, which would surely cost them their wealth, their status and their lives.
GettyWinston Churchill pictured with his trademark cigarWinston Churchill pictured with his trademark cigar
“They were also unhappy that Churchill’s strategy revolved around a US alliance, which many quite correctly saw as the end of the British Empire. A peace treaty with Germany, a country that had historic ties with the Royal Family, would have seemed like the most sensible option to them. Communism was the real enemy; particularly to those with much to lose.
“There were many parties involved in the plot but our research points time and again to one man who was connected to them all: Prince George.”
The authors have jointly penned two books on the subject, previously believed that Hess had been lured to the UK by the British Secret Service on the false pretext of forming a military alliance.
Together, Britain and Germany would have the military might to crush Russia – their most hated enemy - and to stamp out communism in the process.
But after studying thousands of documents from archives across the UK and Europe, and following countless interviews, the pair have identified what they describe as the most likely scenario.
Jema PublicationsRichard Wilbourn co-author of Rudolf Hess: Treachery and DeceptionRichard Wilbourn co-author of Rudolf Hess: Treachery and Deception
The authors now know that Hess was approached by a faction of the Secret Service, which was working clandestinely in the name of Prince George – a known proponent for peace.
This top-secret cabal, including MI6 deputy head Claude Dansey, swore allegiance to the Royal Family, who would almost certainly be dethroned in the event of a German invasion.
One sympathetic MI6 agent, Tancred Borenius - a close friend of Prince George and of George’s mother, Queen Mary – is believed to have provided Hess with details of the coup and with an invitation to sign the peace treaty on Germany’s behalf during a covert mission to Geneva, Switzerland in January 1941.
It is unclear whether or not Hess sought permission from the Fuhrer, though Harris and Wilbourn believe that Hitler most likely knew of the plan.
Harris said: “After years of being the action man – flying fighter planes and taking part in the action – Hess had by 1941 become Hitler’s chief pen pusher.
GettyAdolf Hitler (1889 - 1945) with his deputy and private secretary, Rudolf Hess (1894 - 1987) at a Nazi Party meetingAdolf Hitler with his deputy and private secretary, Rudolf Hess at a Nazi Party meeting
“We believe that he was a deeply unhappy and bored man, and that this intrigue was exactly the kind of adventure that he so desperately needed.”
But in order for the elaborate ‘peace mission’ to succeed, the Conservative Prime Minister would first have to be ousted from government. The co-conspirators knew that Churchill would never agree to a peace deal with the Nazis.
This required the support of King George VI, who would have been called upon to impose his reserve powers to prorogue, or discontinue, Parliament.
Read more: Up close and personal with Rudolf Hess
A coup would have been the only way of getting rid of Churchill as in the UK there are no elections during times of war.
REX/ShutterstockWladyslaw SikorskiWladyslaw Sikorski the Polish military and political leader is said to have been involved in the plot
The takeover would have been further supported by the might of the fierce Polish army. Its general, Władysław Eugeniusz Sikorski, was Prince George’s next-door neighbour in Berkshire and a close friend.
Harris says that Churchill was aware that his position was under threat, though he did not know the full details of the coup or of the Secret Service’s involvement.
Hess planned to fly to an airfield in Ayrshire in Scotland on May 10, 1941 where Harris believes he was planning to meet the Duke of Kent.
Jema PublicationsCircle diagram of connected parties in 1941Circle diagram of connected parties in 1941
But Hess was arrested after parachuting from his Messerschmitt Bf 110, which crash-landed in a field in Eaglesham, south of Glasgow.
Harris, 56, said the events on the night of Hess’ arrival are either “highly coincidental” or “strongly suggest a conspiracy of the sort we have concluded”.
For instance Prince George, a serving member of the RAF, is believed to have been in Scotland on the day of Hess’ arrival and was a friend of Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, the 14th Duke of Hamilton, whom Hess demanded to see when captured.
Daily RecordDouglas Douglas-Hamilton, the 14th Duke of HamiltonDouglas Douglas-Hamilton, the 14th Duke of Hamilton, was who Hess wanted to speak to
General Sikorski, meanwhile, ended a fundraising trip in the United States to fly back to Prestwick, near Glasgow, the next day, putting his life at risk by commandeering a new type of plane that was fast but notoriously difficult to control.
The RAF have also yet to release any report into the affair, prompting Harris and Wilbourn to conclude that their intelligence department were also implicated.
Harris added: “It may seem incredible to think that a member of the Royal Family could have been ready to do a deal with Hess and Hitler, but 25 years of research and digging has led us to this conclusion.
Jema PublicationsRudolf Hess: Treachery and Deception book coverThe new book is called Rudolf Hess: Treachery and Deception
“Of course, nothing can be proven. The Secret Service is under no time-bound obligation to declassify documents in the same way as the Government and the Royal archive has been unable to assist with our enquiries into the exact whereabouts of Prince George on the night of May 10th, which is suspicious in itself, as his movements before and after that date are well documented.
“We believe the key to the whole affair is the involvement of MI6 agent Tancred Borenius, who was familiar with Prince George and Queen Mary, had been approached by MI6 deputy Claude Dansey, and is recorded as having met with General Sikorski shortly before the Hess Flight.
“There is strong, documented evidence for his covert mission to Geneva to pass a message inviting Hess to come to Britain to talk peace, but if it had been a clever lure by the Secret Service then Churchill would have known about it from the onset, which he didn’t, and Borenius would surely have been decorated for his bravery like other war heroes instead of being airbrushed from history for over 70 years.”
Hess ended his days in Spandau Prison in Germany, apparently committing suicide in 1987 at the age of 93 without ever revealing the true motives for his flight.
Joined: 25 Jul 2005 Posts: 16155 Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England
Posted: Fri Jun 17, 2016 10:39 am Post subject:
Like the Bormann story - Major Desmond Morton and the Royal family deeply involved here
Rudolf Hess: A New Technical Analysis of the Hess Flight, May 1941
John Harris, Richard Wilbourn
On 10 May 1941, on a whim, Hilter's deranged deputy Rudolf Hess flew a Messerschmitt Bf 100 to Scotland in a bizarre effort to make peace with Britian. Goering sent fighters to stop him but he was long gone. Arrested and tried at Nuremberg, he would die by his own hand in 1987, aged 93. That's the official story. Ever since, conspiracy theories have swirled around the famous mission. How strong were his connections with the British establishment, including royalty? Was the death of the king's brother the Duke of York associated with the Hess overture for peace? In the several books on Hess, one obvious line of inquiry has been overlooked until now - an analysis of the flight itself: the flight plan, the data sheets, the navigation system. Through their investigation over many years, the authors came to a startling conclusion. The Luftwaffe was fully aware of the flight and therefore - so was the Nazi high command. The implications are far reaching and lend credence to the theory that the British establishment has hidden the truth of British/Nazi communications, partly to spare the reputations of members of the Royal Family.
Hess, Hitler and Churchill: The Real Turning Point of the Second World War - A Secret History Paperback – 1 May 2014
by Peter Padfield
Joined: 25 Jul 2005 Posts: 16155 Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England
Posted: Fri May 05, 2017 11:48 pm Post subject:
The Bormann Brotherhood – William Stevenson – 1973
ISBN 0 213 16453 1 – Pub. Arthur Barker, London
The purge of the 1930's helped Muller strengthen his good name with the Nazi leadership, in the same manner that Philby was proving his worthiness to a section of the British ruling class which, pre-Munich, was on good terms with German industrialists and not actively hostile to the National Socialist philosophy. Philby went to the Spanish Civil War on the side of the fascists and was decorated by Franco with the Cross of the Order of Military Merit.
The Philby story was exploited by the Russians once it was known to the world at large. The story of Muller was not given to the psychological-warfare experts in Moscow. The Red Army Fourth Bureau, like any other police or intelligence agency, gives away nothing unless forced to do so, either by outside exposure of the facts or because it hopes to get something back in return. This was evident when the Warsaw government refused to let Leopold Trepper leave Poland. He was notorious as the "Soviet master spy" in Hitler's Germany. It seemed to explain how Stalin knew so much of events inside the Nazi court. Yet in fact Trepper's Red Orchestra was already destroyed by the time the war with Russia was under way. If Trepper had rendered such great services to Communism, why was he held virtually prisoner even by 1973? He was old, very sick, and by normal standards his dedication and service should have entitled him to be granted his last great wish: to go to Israel, where he could die among his own people.
"He could still talk too much," I was told. "He was caught in 1942 and his spy ring was destroyed by the winter of that year." The informant was a former French resistance man now with the DST counterespionage section in Paris. "Trepper was made a Soviet hero because it was a means to distract attention from the mystery of where Stalin did get his information. But Stalin was still getting that information after the Red Orchestra had been totally cleaned up."
Muller’s secret role would help explain the strange business of former Deputy Fuehrer Rudolf Hess. The Russians insisted, even in 1973, that he alone should be kept in the fortress prison of Spandau, one man and 599 empty cells; one man guarded in rotation by the Russians, the French, the Americans, and the British. In this island of eight acres in Berlin, surrounded by machine-gun posts and electrified fences, this solitary man, now age seventy-eight and very ill, this victim of Bormann's rapacity, was kept prisoner on the insistence of the Russians and in the face of humanitarian appeals from other governments. Winston Churchill, not noted for his generosity toward Nazis, had long ago written: "I am glad not to be responsible for the way in which Hess has been and is being treated. Whatever may be the moral guilt of a German who stood near to Hitler, Hess atoned for this by his completely devoted and fanatic deed of benevolence."
The Russians had agreed to release every other war criminal incarcerated in Spandau, but never Hess. The old man was allowed to see his family for half an hour at Christmas. The Russians insisted, over the objections of the other three powers responsible for Spandau, that Hess must not in any way have physical contact with his wife or son; that his family must be thoroughly searched; and that they must undertake to reveal nothing of what was said during the short conversation.
Hess might as well be dead. If the Soviet member of the tribunal that sentenced him, Major General I. T. Nikitchenko, had his way, the Deputy Fuehrer would have been sentenced to death anyway. What did he know that the Russians feared? During his captivity in Britain he had talked of a secret treaty between Hitler and Stalin defining spheres of interest in the event of war. This was not the Nazi-Soviet Pact of August 1939, but an agreement, signed at the same time, an infamous conspiracy between the Soviet Union and its class enemies, to plunder small nations. [*The secret pact was confirmed by Ribbentrop at Nuremberg under cross-examination by Hess's defense counsel, Dr. Alfred Seidl. But the Soviet prosecutor, General Roman Rudenko, successfully objected to the production of a copy of the protocol] The protocol preceded the invasion of Poland, which started World War 11. The pretext for that invasion was an operation personally conducted by Gestapo Muller.
Muller was to drive "canned goods," consisting of concentration camp inmates, to the Polish border. The prisoners would be clothed in Polish uniforms and at the last moment given lethal injections. German troops would stage a frontier incident in which it would be made to seem that Poland's soldiers had crossed into German territory. The "canned goods" would be presented as Polish troops shot on German soil. Foreign correspondents would be brought to the "battlefield" to see for themselves the bodies.
As head of the Gestapo, MUller was to convey the doomed prisoners from the camps to the border. Few Nazi leaders knew the details. The code words to start the operation were "Grandma dead." Hitler settled on August 26, 1939 for the invasion of Poland as the result of the "unprovoked attack," the proof of which would be the murdered prisoners.
Gestapo Muller was the only Nazi leader in a position, through his own empire of secret police, to warn Stalin of what was afoot. Martin Bormann was closeted with the FUhrer throughout this period. Muller, on the other hand, was extremely mobile because the plan required live Germans dressed in 'Polish uniform to make a mock attack from the Polish side of the frontier. There were 150 Polish uniforms to be found, troops to be briefed on what was represented as a military exercise, and the "canned goods" to be selected from concentration camps. In the event, the incident was postponed at zero hour, and Hitler finally pulled the trigger at dawn on September 1, 1939. POLISH INSURGENTS CROSS GERMAN FRONTIER was the Voelkischer Beobachter headline. The war had begun.
Stalin had known, in advance, the pretext for invasion. Baron Ernst von Weizsacker, a former foreign state secretary, testified at the trial of Bess that "the secret protocol [between Hitler and Stalin] explicitly or implicitly was to create a completely new order in Poland. When it came into operation, a line of demarcation was followed. In the Soviet sphere were included Finland, Estonia, Latvia, the eastern parts of Poland and certain parts of Romania. Everything west of that line was left to Germany. . . ."
That was undoubtedly why Hess remained in jail in 1973 despite Allied pleas for mercy. He, too, could say too much.
SS Lieutenant General Heinrich Muller has been described in Allied intelligence studies as a cold and secretive personality: "A man with an imposing head and sharp features, curiously disfigured by a thin gash of a mouth that had no lips."
His name was not on the list the Russians recovered from the Fuehrer’s bunker after the Battle of Berlin. Yet survivors have testified that he was there until Hitler's suicide, reporting to the Fuhrer each day from his office. When he vanished, he made a good job of it. All his files on the continuing investigation into Hitler's family history from 1934 to 1943 were missing, too. If the Russians collected them, they never said so.
After the British secret service, working in 1963 through a cooperative German official, had "Muller’s" grave opened, and after pathologists agreed that none of the bones could have been those of Muller, certain matters were recalled that were overlooked before.
In the twilight of the Third Reich, discussions centered on making new overtures to the Western Allies in the hope of a last-minute front against Communism. Muller was vehement in opposing such proposals. Three survivors whose relationships with Muller were totally different have each described separately his attempts to stop negotiations with the West. These were Felix Kersten, the masseur; Count Schwerin von Krosigk, the Finance Minister, who became briefly the Foreign Minister in Admiral Doenitz's rump government, and spy chief WaIter Schellenberg. The latter suspected Muller was delaying matters until the Russians had overrun Berlin.
Near Muller's office was that of Adolf Eichmann, Gestapo chief in charge of the "Jewish problem." Muller was handing out certificates, which many SS men used later, attesting that they had worked for civilian firms in the past few years. He was annoyed when Eichmann waved his Steyr army pistol and said that was a good enough pass to freedom or death. "This document," Muller is reported to have told Eichmann, "is more than a pass. It will tell us where you are."
Was this Muller’s new task-to follow the fortunes of the Brotherhood? He was one of the gang and knew the various plans for escape. When General Hans Krebs, Hitler's last Chief of Staff, tried to negotiate with General Vassili Ohuikov, commander of the Eighth Guards Army, he was rebuffed and made his way back to the Fuehrer’s bunker, whose Fuehrer was now dead. He rejected the role of fugitive, condemned to roam the world like a hunted criminal, and snarled at Werner Naumann that "civilians are welcome to dive into Muller’s rathole." Much later, reversing his original story that he did not know where Bormann went after escaping from the bunker, Naumann said he believed the "Fourth Fuehrer" had sheltered in Muller’s cellar before setting off on the long road to safety.
The shelter used by Muller in the last days was not the Gestapo bunker but another one used by the secret-police chief in the complex around Bormann's party chancellery. There is something more than mere symbolism in this constant proximity between Muller and Bormann. It provides an explanation for the consistent doubts and suspicions directed at Bormann by Admiral Canaris, while he was still chief of military intelligence. Canaris was a technologist. He was not so much pro-Western, as anti-Communist; and in his practical way, he looked at what a powerful Soviet empire could do militarily and the prospect appalled him. One of his underlings was a counterespionage radioman, Wilhelm Flicke, who monitored illicit transmissions between Berlin, Switzerland, and Moscow. After two years' detective work, Flicke traced the source of radio transmissions to….. _________________ www.lawyerscommitteefor9-11inquiry.org www.rethink911.org www.patriotsquestion911.com www.actorsandartistsfor911truth.org www.mediafor911truth.org www.pilotsfor911truth.org www.mp911truth.org www.ae911truth.org www.rl911truth.org www.stj911.org www.v911t.org www.thisweek.org.uk www.abolishwar.org.uk www.elementary.org.uk www.radio4all.net/index.php/contributor/2149 http://utangente.free.fr/2003/media2003.pdf
"The maintenance of secrets acts like a psychic poison which alienates the possessor from the community" Carl Jung
the classified document outlines a highly-sensitive inquiry into the claims that the elderly Nazi was killed on British orders to preserve wartime secrets Hulton Archive
Scotland Yard was given the names of British agents who allegedly murdered the Nazi Rudolf Hess in the infamous Spandau Prison but was advised by prosecutors not to pursue its investigations, according to a newly-released police report.
Written two years after Hess’s death in 1987, the classified document outlines a highly-sensitive inquiry into the claims of a British surgeon who had once treated Adolf Hitler’s deputy that, rather than taking his own life, the elderly Nazi was killed on British orders to preserve wartime secrets.
Released under the Freedom of Information Act, the partially-redacted report by Detective Chief Superintendent Howard Jones revealed that the surgeon - Hugh Thomas - had supplied him with the names of two suspects provided by a “government employee” responsible for training secret agents.
Withheld for nearly 25 years, the report has been released by the Yard’s counter-terrorism command following consultation with “other Government and foreign government departments”.
The death of Hess in Berlin at the age of 93 after he apparently hung himself with a wire flex in a summer house in the grounds of Spandau has long been controversial with claims that he was too infirm to commit suicide and a farewell note to his family had in fact been written 20 years earlier.
The Yard was called in in 1989 after Mr Thomas, an eminent former military surgeon previously based in Spandau, claimed in a book that “Hess” was in fact an impostor sent by the Nazis to Britain in 1941 and his murder was carried out by two British assassins disguised as American serviceman.
In his subsequent 11-page report, Mr Jones said the surgeon had “confidentially imparted” the names of two alleged suspects passed to him by an informant who was a former member of the SAS and had since taken on a role “training people for undercover or spying operations”.
Prior to his death, speculation had been growing that Hess might be released because a long-standing veto by the Soviet Union, which for decades had insisted on a severe regime for Hess, including forcing him to wash his hands in toilet bowl, might be reversed by Mikhail Gorbachev.
Mr Jones wrote: “[Mr Thomas] had received information that two assassins had been ordered on behalf of the British Government to kill Hess in order that he should not be released and free to expose secrets concerning the plot to overthrow the Churchill government.”
The officer found there was not “much substance” to Mr Thomas’s claims of murder but suggested that efforts should be made to trace and interview the alleged killers along with other witnesses to ensure the matter could be “comprehensively adjudged” to have been fully investigated.
It is not known if the two suspects were tracked down after the report was submitted to the Crown Prosecution Service in May 1989.
But within six months the investigation was declared closed after the then Director of Public of Prosecutions, Sir Allan Green QC, advised that further inquiries were not necessary.
In November 1989, Sir Nicholas Lyell, the solicitor general, told Parliament: “The inquiries carried out by Detective Chief Superintendent Jones have produced no cogent evidence to suggest that Rudolf Hess was murdered; nor, on the view of the Director of Public Prosecutions, is there any basis for further investigation.”
The unannounced arrival of Hess in Britain was one of the strangest incidents of the Second World War and remains the subject of extensive debate about its motivation, including whether it was an ill-judged attempt to unseat Winston Churchill by enlisting aristocrats with Nazi sympathies.
After flying solo to Scotland in 1941, Hitler’s deputy fuhrer parachuted to the ground and, after being taken into custody at pitchfork-point by an astonished ploughman, declared his intention to negotiate a peace with Britain to form an alliance against Stalin’s Soviet Union.
Hess was sentenced to life imprisonment as a war criminal at the Nuremberg Trials and incarcerated in Spandau along with other prominent Nazis including Albert Speer. From 1966 onwards, Hitler’s deputy - whose Allied guards were required to only address him as Prisoner Seven - was the sole inmate in the 600-cell prison.
Further doubt was claimed to have been cast last year on the circumstances of Hess’s suicide when photographs emerged of the summer house where he died, showing the short distance - some 5ft - between the cord from which he was found hanging and the floor.
His son, Wolf, had previously insisted that the height was insufficient for his father, crippled by arthritis, to hang himself and added to post mortem examination evidence suggesting a full noose had been placed around his neck.
Joined: 25 Jul 2005 Posts: 16155 Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England
Posted: Tue May 09, 2017 10:43 pm Post subject:
No one knows for sure whether my father undertook his flight with the knowledge and blessing of Adolf Hitler. Both men are now dead. All the available evidence, though, suggests that Hitler knew in advance of the flight:
First: Just a few days before his flight, my father had a private meeting with Hitler that lasted four hours. It is known that the two men raised their voices during portions of their talk, and that when they were finished, Hitler accompanied his Deputy to the ante-room, put his arm soothingly around his shoulder, and said: "Hess, you really are stubborn."
Second: The relationship between Hitler and Hess was so close and intimate that one can logically assume that Hess would not have undertaken such an important step in the middle of a war without first informing Hitler.
Third: Although Hess' adjutants and secretaries were imprisoned after the flight, Hitler intervened to protect Hess' family. He saw to it that a pension was paid to Hess' wife, and he sent a personal telegram of condolence to Hess' mother when her husband died in October 1941.
Fourth: Among the papers released in June 1992 by the British authorities are two farewell letters my father wrote on June 14, 1941, the day before he tried to commit suicide in Mytchett Place, in England. The letters were written after he realized that his peace mission had definitely failed. One was addressed to Hitler and the other to his family. Both clearly confirm that his close relationship with Hitler still existed. If he had undertaken his now-obviously failed mission without Hitler's prior knowledge, his relationship with Hitler clearly would no longer still have been one of trust.
And, fifth: Gauleiter Ernst Bohle, the Hess confident and high-ranking official who had helped my father to translate some papers into English, remained convinced until his death that all this was done with Hitler's knowledge and approval.
Joined: 25 Jul 2005 Posts: 16155 Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England
Posted: Sun Oct 15, 2017 11:20 pm Post subject:
Hitler was outraged, tirelessly repeating to himself: "Why did he do this to me?"
Anyone who had knowledge of Hess' flight to Britain was arrested and sent to Sachsenhausen concentration camp.
There can be no doubt, therefore, that Hess did not have Hitler's permission to go to the UK.
Joined: 25 Jul 2005 Posts: 16155 Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England
Posted: Sun Oct 15, 2017 11:39 pm Post subject:
Rudolf Hess files containing interrogation transcripts of Hitler's deputy set for auction... but mystery surrounds who is selling them
Estimates for the sale vary between £200,000 and £500,000
Sold by US firm Alexander Auctions that specialises in Third Reich militaria
Firm calls it 'most important wartime archive to be offered for private sale'
Files were in Hess' possession at Nuremberg trial but later vanished
Alexander Auctions says it bought files in Europe but won't say from whom
By ALLAN HALL FOR MAILONLINE
PUBLISHED: 13:08, 10 September 2013
Hitler's henchman: Hess was captured in 1941 after he flew to Scotland in a deranged bid to negotiate a peace treaty with Winston Churchill
Hitler's henchman: Hess was captured in 1941 after he flew to Scotland in a deranged bid to negotiate a peace treaty with Winston Churchill
The secret wartime papers of Hitler deputy Rudolf Hess are going under the hammer today in America in a sale that could prove embarrassing to the UK because of the secrecy which still cloaks his life and controversial death.
Estimates for the sale vary between £200,000 and £500,000. Alexander Auctions specialises in Third Reich militaria and several years ago sold off the diaries of Auschwitz 'Angel of Death' doctor Josef Mengele that he compiled while on the run in Brazil after the war.
Hess was captured in 1941 after he flew to Scotland in a deranged bid to negotiate a peace treaty with Winston Churchill. He finished the war in the Tower of London and was later sentenced to life imprisonment at Nuremberg for war crimes.
Alexander Historical Auctions in the USA described the Hess documents as 'perhaps the most important wartime archive to ever be offered for private sale.'
Included in the paperwork is the handwritten proposal of peace terms Hess handed to former British foreign secretary Lord Simon on the day of their meeting after he crashed his plane in Scotland.
Hitler declared him mad after he was captured. Hess killed himself in Spandau Jail near Berlin in 1987 aged 93, 41 years after indeed appearing confused and deranged at his trial alongside the other top Nazi leaders in Nuremberg.
In the file Hess writes: 'England's position is hopeless. In order to prevent future wars between England and Germany spheres of interest shall be defined. Germany’s sphere of interest is Europe - England’s sphere of interest is her Empire.'
He warned his enemies of the might of German armaments, despite the increasing tempo of the RAF bombing offensive, saying: 'Our aircraft factories are still standing…factories have been added…England’s position is hopeless. The numbers of our U-Boats are very considerable…three-quarters of Europe is engaged in building U-Boats. U-Boat warfare as envisaged by the Führer has not yet commenced. The convoy system has failed and American ship production cannot be sufficient to cover these losses.'
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Britain's file on the Hess episode are still sealed and will remain so for another three years. There is excitement among academics that the papers - which have been authenticated by federal authorities in Germany - will shed light on his secretive mission which some believe was sanctioned by British intelligence.
Was he mad? Hess killed himself in Spandau Jail near Berlin in 1987 aged 93, 41 years after appearing confused and deranged at his trial alongside the other top Nazi leaders in Nuremberg (pictured centre, arms crossed)
Was he mad? Hess killed himself in Spandau Jail near Berlin in 1987 aged 93, 41 years after appearing confused and deranged at his trial alongside the other top Nazi leaders in Nuremberg (pictured centre, arms crossed)
Hitler’s deputy parachuted out of his Messerschmitt over Scotland on the evening of May 10, 1941. Hess had hoped to meet with the Duke of Hamilton who he believed to be amenable to a peace deal between the Third Reich and Britain.
The files were in Hess' possession in Nuremberg and vanished afterwards. Alexander Auctions said it acquired them in Europe without saying where from.
Hess died in Spandau Prison in 1987 at the age of 93 having committed suicide - although that too is doubted by some. Only last week claims surfaced that he had been murdered by two SAS-trained killers.
Axis of Evil: Hess (pictured far right) was Adolf Hitler's (next to Hess) right-hand man. Also in this picture stands SS chief Heinrich Himmler (far left) and SA commander Viktor Lutze (second left)
Axis of Evil: Hess (pictured far right) was Adolf Hitler's (next to Hess) right-hand man. Also in this picture stands SS chief Heinrich Himmler (far left) and SA commander Viktor Lutze (second left)
The cache of documents that has now emerged includes a hand-written ‘peace proposal’ which Hess outlined to John Simon, the Lord Chancellor during their meeting at ‘Camp Z’ - Mytchett Place near Aldershot - on June 9, 1941. The papers also record Hess’ confidence that the British would have to give into his demands. And they confirm that the Fuhrer had no knowledge of the bizarre conspiracy hatched by him.
The value of the papers relate to the fact that they are the first time that Hess’ own thoughts on his failed mission have been revealed written in his own hand at the time that events unfolded during his imprisonment.
‘Obviously, it is impossible to authenticate documents unless you actually have them in your hands,’ said documents specialkist Ian Sayer from his office in Spain, ‘but I am 5 percent certain that these papers are real.’
Sayer is the owner of one of Europe’s the biggest private historical archives in Europe. He has played a leading role in unmasking several infamous frauds relating to the era.
Sayer says the documents are quite clearly British government property and that the sale on Tuesday should not be allowed to go ahead.
But perhaps the most curious question is: where did they come from? Alexander Auctions says: "About 20 years ago our consignor received an anonymous telephone call from a man familiar with his work. He was told to go to a specific location the following day, where this material would be left for him with the hope that it would be of use in his projects."
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Joined: 25 Jul 2005 Posts: 16155 Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England
Posted: Thu Nov 09, 2017 11:51 am Post subject:
The von Hassell diaries were first published in 1948 as early evidence of the German wartime resistance to Hitler. Harris and Wilbourn were intrigued to find that the 2011 unexpurgated edition of the famous diaries revealed more about Borenius:
He has very intimate connections with the Royal House [principally with the Queen].
Harris and Wilbourn admit at first failing to perceive that von Hassell and Burckhardt were not talking about the wartime Queen of England, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, but about Queen Mary, widow of George V, an active art collector and grandmother of our present Queen Elizabeth II.
And then they got lucky. Borenius had died of a cerebral embolism and valvular heart disease in 1948 at Laverstock House, near Salisbury and when Harris examined the Salisbury phone book in 1998 he found a Borenius. It was Tancred’s son Lars Ulrich, a retired lawyer often known as Peter.
His father’s wartime trip had caused some [post event] amusement in the Borenius household on two accounts: firstly that he had been asked to deliver a ‘book’ to Switzerland, disguised as a novel, and secondly, that he had been given a poison pill the size of a golf ball.
Lars also told John Harris that he had been given the book by a ‘Claude Dansey’ prior to his departure. Upon its delivery there was much relief.
Had we been perhaps a little more alert and knowledgeable, we would of course have soon realized that Claude Dansey was the then deputy head of MI6…
After twenty years on the case, Harris and Wilbourn have drawn some important conclusions in this truly thrilling investigation.
The ‘book’ that Borenius carried to Switzerland was clearly one of the MI6 ‘one-time pads’ that the late Keith Jeffery, official historian of MI6, reported as being in ‘very short supply’ in Switzerland in 1941.
Harris and Wilbourn no longer accept Jeffery’s assurance that there were no signs in the archives of MI6 involvement in the Hess Flight. Harris told me last week:
We know that the Borenius mission was organised by MI6 under Dansey. Consequently, one can conclude that either MI6 destroyed the evidence, or Dansey operated outside his authority, or the Hess flight was an unforeseen consequence of the Borenius mission, rather than a direct result of the Borenius mission.‘
Ulrich von Hassell’s diary entry shows that Borenius delivered much more than a code book. He detailed terms under which a peace might still be possible in 1941, crucially with the restoration of some kind of Polish government in a divided Europe that would leave the British Empire untouched.
Borenius returned to London in March 1941 and lunched at the Dorchester with Colonel Victor Cazalet, MP for Chippenham and liaison officer to the exiled Polish Army in Britain, and with the Polish army’s commander-in-chief General Wladyslaw Sikorski, prime-minister of the Polish government in exile.
Secret peace talks between the British and Germans, in the absence of a Polish government, would have unnerved the thousands of exiled Poles in Britain. Many of the 40,000 Polish soldiers, airmen and sailors in Britain were stationed in Scotland.
Sikorski and Cazalet sailed for the USA soon after their meeting with Borenius. But on May 10, 1941, Sikorski took a terrible risk by flying in haste back to Britain from New York, via Gander in Newfoundland.
The general huddled aboard one of the very first operational B-24 Liberator bombers, tricky planes with a bad reputation for crashes. In July 1943 Sikorski and Cazalet were killed in a Liberator that crashed into the sea 46 seconds after take-off from Gibraltar.
On May 10, 1941, Sikorski’s new B-24 left Gander just thirty minutes after Hess took off from Augsburg in Bavaria in the modified Bf110 fighter bomber. Both were bound for Scotland.
But by the time Sikorski landed at RAF Prestwick at 11:30 on May 11, Hess had already been captured and interviewed in custody by the Duke of Hamilton.
No-one has yet explained why the first man to act as an interpreter for the as-yet unnamed pilot just happened to be Polish. The recently-appointed Polish consul in Glasgow, Roman Battaglia, turned up at the boy scouts hall in Giffnock barely an hour after Hess had fallen into the hands of the Glasgow Home Guard.
For Borenius the mission to Geneva was dangerous but probably lucrative.
Neutral Switzerland, the best gathering ground for intelligence out of Nazi Germany, was becoming increasingly isolated.
MI6 historian Keith Jeffery saw from MI6 records that the money paid to couriers prepared to cross Vichy France to reach Switzerland from neutral Portugal and Spain on neutral or forged passports was so generous that it was said to be ‘two journeys and retire for life’.
Borenius, who carried a Finnish passport but was never interned by the British, acted as guardian to Dolly Wilde, the ‘beautiful but frail’ niece of Oscar Wilde. Dolly’s biographer, Joan Schenkar, described Borenius to Harris and Wilbourn – ‘as adroit as a seal and just as slippery.’
Harris and Wilborn see Borenius as ‘a brilliant man whose story has remained uniquely hidden for over seventy years’.
It is not overstating his role to say that without it, a 1941 invasion of Britain would have been certainly more likely.
They have a shot at the vexed question of whether the British were using the slippery Finnish art historian to deceive Hitler, or whether Borenius was himself being used in a very dark British coup against Churchill, aborted only when Hess crashed the Bf110 in the wrong part of Scotland.
They argue convincingly that
There is now absolutely no doubt whatsoever that Hess was being actively ‘pulled’ to fly to Britain. The British, desperate to buy time so as to prevent invasion, had sent Borenius to Burckhardt in January 1941, under the pretext / cover of a Finnish diplomatic mission.
If it is worth a Chilcot to find out what Tony Blair said to George W. Bush, behind closed doors in Texas in 2002, how much more valuable would be certain knowledge that British dishonesty lured Hitler into the most disastrous invasion in history?
Two tireless researchers in this dangerous area have been John Harris and Peter Padfield. Both have now revised conclusions they drew in earlier books on the events of May 1941. They now conclude, for different reasons, that both Hitler and Churchill had foreknowledge of the doomed ‘solo’ peace flight that condemned Hitler’s deputy Rudolf Hess to a lifetime behind bars and sentenced 23 million Soviet citizens to death in the subsequent invasion of Russia, six weeks later.
John Harris and Richard Wilbourn argue in Rudolf Hess: A New Technical Analysis of the Hess Flight, May 1941 that the twin-engined Bf 110 fighter bomber flown by Hess on the night of the heaviest bombing raids on London, from an aircraft plant in Bavaria to Southern Scotland, must have landed for servicing during its 5 hour 40 minute flight of at least 900 miles.
A few aircraft experts have for years ‘unhelpfully’ pointed out that without external fuel tanks the Bf 110 could not have made the flight without landing to refuel.
Harris and Wilbourn cleverly steered clear of much discussion about whether or not the Bf 110 could have flown with fuel drop tanks. They found instead a different overriding limitation on the range of the aircraft, something blindingly obvious but never previously discussed in public.
The aeroplane’s two 1800 h.p. Daimler-Benz 601N engines would have been drinking engine oil, Schmierstoff, at between 5 and 9 litres every hour, drawing the lubricant from tanks buried in the wings:
An oil tank of 7.7 gallons [35 litres] was located behind each engine. The oil tanks from the Hess aircraft are currently in the RAF museum reserve collection at Stafford.
Each oil tank would be sufficient for a flight of just less than four hours flight, or perhaps nearly seven hours at a low engine power setting. For longer flights, a 16.5 gallon [75-litre] Schmierstoffbehälter [oil tank] would be fitted under the fuselage. It would usually be fitted at the same time as wing drop tanks to extend the range.
Reserve engine oil from a Schmierstoffbehälter had to be hand-pumped once every hour by a member of the crew of the plane, not by the pilot. On the Bf 110E, the fastest twin-engined three-seater in service anywhere at the time, the hand pump for the external reserve engine oil tank could not be reached by the pilot.
But Hess was flying alone. Wasn’t he?
When Harris and Wilbourn looked at wreckage from the aircraft in the Imperial War Museum at Duxford, they found a brass blanking cap closing the reserve engine oil line and securely wired up against coming loose by vibration. Bf 110E/2-N number 3869 had been flown to Britain without a Schmierstoffbehälter.
The authors have concluded that Hess refuelled somewhere in North Germany, where a Luftwaffe mechanic would have been able to refill the small engine oil tanks in the wings, without which the two dry sump engines would have disintegrated during the later stages of a flight tracked by the Royal Observer Corps at high speeds of 325 miles per hour [522 kph] over the Cheviot hills.
This conveniently explains some of the obvious fabrications created by Hess after his arrival in Britain and which he proudly described in a letter written when he was on trial at the Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal in 1946.
He needed to show that his flight was made without the knowledge of Hitler or the assistance of the Luftwaffe. He also sought to disguise the fact that his solo navigation depended on a Lorenz blind flying instrument working on secret German radio beacon systems known as Sonne and Elektra.
FuG10 Lorenz klar1
Harris and Wilbourn have decoded a marking system on one of Hess’s flight maps and have proved its correlation to a Lorenz FuG 10EL receiver. They even acquired a receiver to test it, speculating that various items of navigation equipment from the wreck of the plane ‘were rushed to RAE Farnborough for examination’,
They were not to know that when the wreck of the Hess plane reached an RAF maintenance unit in the railway goods yard at Carluke, Lanarkshire, a ‘blind flying panel’ was indeed removed by a young RAF instrument mechanic from Burnley called David Mitchell.
David Mitchell sent it to the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough and in 1997 recalled his briefing:
Mitch. Come up here. They’re bringing in Hess’s. It’s an E.
As I was climbing in, I noticed the rear part of the cockpit seemed skinned over. I tested for oxygen in the cockpit and then I removed the blind flying panel. I made a wooden box for it.
Further proof of the clarity of Mitch’s memory was found by Harris and Wilbourn lying on a pallet at the RAF Museum reserve collection in Area 6 at the Ministry of Defence depot Stafford:
A leather or fabric tonneau cover, presumably from the rear of the observer’s cockpit. Ref. 137480.
The authors say other items on the ‘Hess pallet’ at MoD Stafford ‘proved to us that there was only one person on board’.
If the Luftwaffe were involved, Harris concludes that its commander, Hermann Goering, knew about the flight plan.
On May 1, Hess was filmed addressing a mass meeting of 8,000 Messerchmitt aircraft workers at the Augsburg-Haunstetten works, from where he took off for Scotland nine days later. We also know that Hess and Hitler talked behind closed doors on May 4.
The German night fighter commander Adolf Galland in his book The First and the Last said Goering telephoned him at a base in France in the early evening of May 10.
Göring consults his ace fighter pilot 'Dolfo' Galland [Heinrich Hoffman picture]
Göring consults his ace fighter pilot ‘Dolfo’ Galland [Heinrich Hoffman picture]
In a Dutch television interview, just before he died, Galland said:
That evening I was phoned by Goering who was staying near Berlin. I remember the order from him verbatim: “Scramble immediately with your whole squadron.”
And I replied to him, “We haven’t any intruders.”
He repeated, “You are not going to intercept intruders. You must intercept an outward flight. The Deputy Fuhrer Rudolf Hess has gone mad and is on his way to England in a Messerschmitt 110.”
I replied to Goering, “In twenty minutes we’ll be in late twilight. There will be hardly be visibility for spotting one single 110 with Hess on board. At this time of the day there will lots of Messerchmitt night fighters in the air, on radio-tuning flights, calibrating and co-ordinating their radio sets. It will be dangerous for me to say a 110 has to be shot down, one of our own night fighters, a 110 night fighter entering your sector.”
To that, Goering said, “Find a way to do it. The order stands.”
I then rang my three commanders… one after another and said, “Let’s just send out a pair.” That means fly off two planes and make a 15 minute flight in the area of their airfields and then let them land again. This is exactly what happened… After the flight, I had telephoned Goering again and said, “The squadron has landed, it’s dark. As expected we could not achieve our mission.”
Goering replied, “It really doesn’t matter. We already know that Hess has taken another route that doesn’t pass through your sector.”
Any such scramble ordered by Goering was sheer window dressing, since Hess was already approaching the Northumberland coast when Goering made the call. Harris and Wilbourn say Goering’s telephone call
seems to us to be nonsense, purely to enable him to back up the solo flight myth that was shortly to be officially communicated to the world.
Peter Padfield notes that Hess’s driver, SS Untersturmführer Rudolf Lippert, after release from Soviet captivity and torture, told Hess’s son that after taking Hess to Augsburg for the flight, he was arrested by the Gestapo in Gallspach, Austria, at 05:30 on May 11:
several hours before staff and other witnesses at the Berghof recorded Hess’s adjutant, Karl-Heinz Pintsch, arriving with a letter from Hess informing Hitler that he had flown to Britain.
Both Harris and Padfield are very sure that the British also knew about the flight. President Roosevelt suspected that the British knew, which was quite enough to cause the British government to close the files on Hess until 2017.
Would Americans of any political persuasion have allowed Roosevelt to lend Britain arms, aircraft and cargo ships under the new March 1941 Lend-Lease policy, which would eventually amount to 17% of their entire war effort, if they had known Churchill was negotiating with Hitler?
Would Stalin have agreed to let the Brits delay D-Day until 1944 if he had known for certain that MI6 had lured Hitler into invading the Soviet Union in 1941?
The Soviet agent in MI6, Harold ‘Kim’ Philby, told a Russian contact that
the time for peace negotiations has not arrived but that later in the course of the war Hess could become the centre of intrigues for a compromise peace.
A May 22 telegram from Philby’s NKVD contact in London to Moscow Centre has turned up in the Kremlin files – marked for special attention. Stalin later taunted Churchill with his suspicions.
Would the exiled governments of Poland, France, Czechoslovakia, the Netherlands and Norway, sheltering in England and lending their pilots to the RAF, have condoned such a negotiated peace?
Peter Padfield, in Hess, Hitler and Churchill – The Real Turning Point of the Second World War, argues that Hess was lured to Britain in an MI6 sting operation, using British diplomats and aristocrats.
The diplomats and aristocrats were men who had been Churchill’s political opponents before the war, all the more convincing, and perfectly in the spirit of Churchill’s remark:
In wartime, truth is so precious that she should always be attended by a bodyguard of lies.
Padfield interviewed an academic who worked at the BBC in Portland Place on the analysis of documents found after Hess crashed the plane near Glasgow. He says this was a draft peace treaty, typed on Reichskanzlerei paper with numbered clauses and an attached English translation:
This was not a renegade plot. Hitler had sent Hess and he brought over a fully developed peace treaty for Germany to evacuate all the occupied countries in the West.
New evidence in both books chimes with some well-documented events on May 10 that never fitted into the official British or German legend that Hitler and Churchill had no foreknowledge of the flight.
Two RAF fighter pilots, Sgt. Václav ‘Felix’ Bauman and Sgt Leopold ‘Polda’ Šrom, told Czech technical researchers long after the war that they were scrambled from Aldergrove, near Belfast, to intercept an unidentified enemy plane over the Irish Sea on the evening of May 10.
Flying Hurricanes, they were seconds away from shooting down the intruder when RAF Aldergrove, code-named ‘Castle’, ordered them to break off their attack.
Bauman recounted the event to author Jirí Rajlich:
Felix calling Castle. I see the bandit, angels eight.
OK Felix. He is yours.
As Bauman closed he discovered he was pursuing a rarely seen Bf 110. Even more surprising, the expected rear gunner in the German plane did not open fire. Šrom called Bauman in Czech:
Watch out, Vacek. It’s a 110.
Šrom, a famous fighter ace, suspected an ambush. Wary of the rear gunner in the 110 he approached from its left as Bauman closed on its right side. To their astonishment, Aldergrove then radioed:
Hello Felix. Castle calling. Stop action and return to base.
This is perhaps not possible.
Felix, return. I repeat. Stop action and return. Confirm.
He is just in shooting range…
Sorry Felix, old boy. It is not possible. You must return. Now.
I don’t bloody know. Then why should we chase him?
Czechoslovak pilots at RAF Aldergrove, from left, Srom, Bauman and Karel Cap
Czechoslovak pilots at RAF Aldergrove, from left, Srom, Bauman and Karel Cap
Squadron Leader J.W.C. Simpson, a Battle of Britain ace, answered Bauman’s question when the two Hurricanes landed back at Aldergrove.
John Simpson was that day celebrating the May 10 announcement in the London Gazette of the award of a bar to his DFC for flying a Hurricane at night during the April Belfast blitz and shooting down a Heinkel bomber over Downpatrick.
His base vectored their own aircraft on May 10 because the landline to the Preston filter centre was cut during a heavy German raid on the city centre of Belfast that destroyed two thirds of the Harland and Wolff shipyard on the night of May 4/5.
In a letter that month to the prominent author Hector Bolitho, then acting as editor of the Royal Air Force Weekly Bulletin, John Simpson wrote:
I received the telegram while I was sitting in my office. I read it and threw it across to the Adj., who said, “Congratulations, sir, may I go and tell the boys?” They soon came and leaned through the window, saying nice things. Chipper said, “We presume that this means a party.”
Well it certainly did. When I went over to the mess in the evening there was a notice on the board to say that the Station Commander had approved of a party being given in my honour. Cocktails, supper and dancing.
It was a riot. Hundreds of people came to the cocktail party and the band played on the lawn.
At the cocktail party were the prime-minister of Northern Ireland, John Miller Andrews, the air officer commanding Northern Ireland, who was the future Air marshal Sir Roddy Carr, and the Marquess of Londonderry who was a deluded magnate, popular in the RAF for his enthusiasm for flying but politically discredited by 1941 for his disastrous meeting with Hitler in the days of appeasement.
Simpson gave Bauman an explanation for the recall:
I rang Group and I requested an explanation of that… ehm, unusual procedure. I was told that during your pursuit you crossed the border of our sector. You were therefore recalled. Our neighbours should have taken over but when the German suddenly changed his altitude, they lost him.
Stihaci Pilot by Jirí Senhal and Jirí Rajlich, published in Prague in 1991, records what happened later that night:
After dark, a liaison Avro Anson landed with several strange RAF officers on board. The sergeants were separately subjected to intensive interrogation. The officers asked for impossible details and urged both pilots to recall the German plane’s markings and whether they saw both a pilot and a gunner.
Speculation raged at Aldergrove for a couple of days until a copy of the Daily Record landed in the 245 Squadron mess, carrying the headline Rudolf Hess in Glasgow – official.
Bauman was posted ‘missing’ in June 1942, shot down in a Spitfire by an FW190 in a raid on Le Havre. He survived, but with wounds so serious that the Germans repatriated him to England via Sweden in 1944.
Czechs who flew for the RAF were often very badly treated in post-war Communist Czechoslovakia. Bauman returned to his home town of Holice but did not show the Hess interception entry in his pilot’s log book to Jirí Rajlich until very near the end of the Communist era. Bauman said,
It was all somehow strange to me. Controllers did not generally bother us about sector boundaries. Using my farmer’s brain, I put it together and I get only one solution. The British secret service must have known that the plane was coming and they had an interest in getting this Nazi in good condition.
Neither the Aldergrove operational records nor the logbook of Šrom shows any record of an interception over the North Channel that night. There was of course a riotous party on the base that night.
Nevertheless, a remarkably reliable confirmation came in 1999 from the Lancashire-based researcher Tony Marczan after he placed a classified advert in Air Mail, the journal of the Royal Air Forces Association. It was cleverly and very simply worded:
245 Sqn Aldergrove May 1941. Researcher seeks any veterans.
From his home in Clacton, Essex, former Leading Aircraftsman David ‘Mac’ McCormack telephoned Marczan, without knowing the purpose of the investigation.
Mac had recently retired from managing the members’ travel arrangements at the House of Commons. He had been a mechanic with 245 Squadron in 1941. As soon as Marczan mentioned Czech pilots, Mac said,
I know what you want. They’re the two guys that could have shot down Rudolf Hess, if they hadn’t been recalled.
I remember the incident well. I must have been in the crew room or a radio truck when the two aircraft from B-Flight were scrambled.
The Flight Sergeant sent me to the ops room with a form 700 to sign off an aeroplane as available for ops. In the ops room the Flight Sergeant there said, “You might as well listen to this.”
I heard all the radio traffic, as it was happening. Our pilots were recalled, when they could have shot him down. It was a couple of days before we found out who was in the plane. I’ve often wondered if they sent ours up to head him back after he’d overshot Scotland. That’s where he was heading, towards the Duke of Hamilton who was at Turnhouse, in charge of all our fighters in Scotland.
Marczan pointed out this week that if John Simpson had called ‘Group’ that night for the explanation he gave Bauman, he would have called the RAF at Turnhouse, commanded by the Duke of Hamilton, the very man Hess wanted to reach and the man who next morning met him at a barracks in Glasgow.
For the rest of a long life, the Duke denied that he had previously met Hess at the Berlin Olympics in 1936. After following orders to fly to Kidlington near Oxford he found himself faced with Winston Churchill at Ditchley Park,
What do you tell your wife if a prostitute throws her arms around your neck?
Harris and Wilbourn point out just how strong is the circumstantial evidence of British collusion. Not only was the Duke of Hamilton on duty that evening in control of Western Scottish airspace, but the eastern part of the Hess flight route was covered by RAF Acklington, controlled by John Oliver Andrews, a new commanding officer with a brilliant service and academic career whose ‘appointment seems an anomaly in his career’:
We now wonder if his appointment was more to do with his proficiency in German and intelligence matters, should an unexpected visitor arrive.
The authors wholly accept that the above interpretation can be seen as stretching facts to fit theories, were it not for our meeting with Dougal McIntyre and his wife at their Prestwick home. Dougal, it will be remembered, is the son of David E. McIntyre, the joint founder of Prestwick Aerodrome and Scottish Aviation Limited. On the night of 10 May 1941, we know he was at Prestwick.
We went to the meeting with a list of questions, including a list of names of individuals that we wanted to know if his father knew. The name of J.O. Andrews drew the response: “I can’t add anything other than the name.” We took that to mean that his father knew Andrews, which should not come as much of a surprise, given that Andrews was in charge of an aerodrome in No 13 Group air space.
Consequently, all we can say for certain in respect of RAF command in Scotland that evening is that the commanding officer of No 13 Group was a German expert, the Duke of Hamilton in the Turnhouse sector had some significant links with Germany, and that the base commander at RAF Prestwick / Ayr was an extremely close friend of the Duke of Hamilton and the Duke of Kent, the brother of King George VI.
Once Hess had avoided interception over the Northumberland coast, realistically he was unlikely to encounter any further problems [given that he would be flying in failing light over a very sparsely populated area] until he reached the West Coast of Scotland. This is exactly what happened…
If there was a British conspiracy at work that day, all they needed was oversight. Full control would require more people to be involved and therefore be much more difficult to manage, disguise or deny. We believe that less than ten people needed to know what was happening.
Unfortunately, for the British conspiracy, there was one very important man in the Cabinet with his own non-diplomatic links to Nazi Germany, even possibly to socialists among the aircraft workers at Augsburg-Haunstetten through the International Transport Workers’ Federation.
This was the Minister of Labour, Ernest Bevin, described by Churchill as
by far the most distinguished man that the Labour Party have thrown up in my time.
At war's end Ernest Bevin, the future Foreign Secretary, stood at Churchill's side.
At war’s end Ernest Bevin, the future Foreign Secretary, stood at Churchill’s side.
Both the new books mention Ernie Bevin’s previously unexplained early knowledge of the Hess flight, although neither gives it the relevance it deserves.
Harris and Wilbourn think Bevin was part of the British deception plan. Padfield suggests Albert James Heal, a retired official of Bevin’s Transport and General Workers Union who told his story to a Yorkshire Post reporter in 1969, got his dates mixed up.
In fact Bevin’s speech at a War Weapons lunch in London on May 15, declaring that he was convinced Hitler knew Hess had planned the peace mission, was well ‘off message’:
From my point of view Hess is a murderer. You can understand my feeling about him when I tell you that he was the man who collected every index card of every trade union leader in Germany and every social democrat, and when the time came they were either in a concentration camp or murdered.
My own views on this adventure I will not express at this gathering, further than to say that I do not believe that Hitler did not know that Hess was coming to England.
In 1969, Albert Heal described deciphering a message sent by a woman in Germany through underground socialist channels to Ernest Bevin. At home in Leeds, he told reporter Malcolm Pithers that Bevin phoned him on May 9, 1941:
Bevin asked me if I would be at a meeting organised by the regional office of the Ministry of Labour at the Civic Hall, Sheffield, that night. I told him that I had not been invited.
He asked me to meet him there just the same at 6:30 p.m., as he wanted to talk to me urgently.
When I got there, Bevin met me in a private room and showed me the coded message he had received from his contact, a girl that I knew. The code she had used was invented by me when – and I think it’s safe to admit this now – I was secretary of the South Wales No More War Movement. The code had been passed on to her by me some time before. I had used the code to keep in contact with the people we helped to get out of the country. We got 18 to Ireland and 17 to America.
Bevin asked me to decipher the message. I did so and I was satisfied that it said Hess was to fly to Britain.
Born in Somerset, like Bevin, Heal had been a coal miner in South Wales before the TGWU chose him as Yorkshire organiser.
After partially decoding the message in Sheffield, he drove Bevin ‘on two wheels’ to the Queens Hotel in Leeds, where on the evening of May 9, in one of the bedrooms, he overheard part of Bevin’s telephone conversation with Churchill. Hess took off for Britain from Bavaria at 5.42 p.m. the following afternoon. The clocks in both countries matched each other at this time. Albert Heal said:
I thought at the time, from the conversation, that the Prime Minister thought it was all a joke, especially when Bevin told him that Hess would try and contact the Duke of Hamilton. After the call we sat down and had some refreshments. No other message came from the Prime Minister. Bevin told me to go home and meet him at 9:30 the next morning.
When I arrived the following day he told me that Hess had landed in Scotland but under no circumstances was I to disclose the information in my possession.
Peter Padfield suggests that in 1969 the 80 year old retired TGWU official got his dates mixed up, since ‘the following day’ would have been May 10, when Hess was still in Germany. But this confusion seems to have been caused by sub-editing for brevity at the Yorkshire Post, since Professor Scott Newton, author of Profits of Peace: the political economy of Anglo-German appeasement, has recently discovered wartime news reports in the Hull Daily Mail that fully support Albert Heal’s account of Bevin’s movements before the Hess flight to Scotland.
On April 21, 1941, the Hull paper reported an announcement from the North-Eastern Regional Officer of the Ministry of Information:
Mr Ernest Bevin, Minister of Labour, will address public meetings to be held under the auspices of the local information committees at Sheffield, Leeds, and Hull on May 9, 10, and 11.
The all-ticket meeting at the City Hall in Sheffield was timed for 6:30 p.m. on May 9, exactly as recounted by Albert Heal in 1969.
On May 10, the morning after Heal drove Bevin to Leeds and before Hess took off from Germany, under the headline ‘Mr Bevin’s Hull Meeting’, the Hull Daily Mail announced:
owing to unforeseen circumstances, the meeting to be addressed by Mr Ernest Bevin, Minister of Labour, in Hull on Sunday, has been cancelled.
Professor Newton said,
These events concern the most critical moments of the Second World War. The Hull Daily Mail announcement of Bevin’s cancelled meeting and the schedule of his speaking tour exactly match the account given by Albert Heal in 1969.
The public meeting in Hull was cancelled before the first announcement of the Hess flight on German radio on the evening of May 12. In Britain, the flight was kept secret until 6:00 a.m. on May 13. It is possible that this old newspaper story may yet lead us to a discovery of worldwide importance. Mr Heal’s documents might have survived somewhere in Yorkshire.
Rudolf Hess with Messerchmitt 163 test pilot Hanna Reitsch, February 1939
Rudolf Hess with Messerchmitt 163 test pilot Hanna Reitsch, February 1939
Photographed in the garden at Spandau Prison by a British Army guard, 'the loneliest prisoner in the world' endured captivity from 1941 until his mysterious death in 1987
Photographed in the garden at Spandau Prison by a British Army guard, ‘the loneliest prisoner in the world’ endured captivity from 1941 until his mysterious death in 1987
Whether Peter Padfield, born in India in 1932, or even younger men like John Harris and Richard Wilbourn, might ever see Britain accept responsibility for a wartime deception with such unparalleled and horrifying consequences remains very uncertain. The British were very good at keeping secrets.
Noting that Harris and Wilbourn think the Hess deception was perhaps restricted to fewer than ten British service chiefs, one is reminded that Ultra, the Bletchley Park code breaking secret, was kept tight as a drum for over thirty years by more than 10,000 ordinary British citizens. The British are still fairly good at keeping secrets.
Rudolf Hess: A New Technical Analysis of the Hess Flight, May 1941, The History Press, Stroud, 2014, ISBN 978 0 7524 9708.
Hess, Hitler and Churchill: The Real Turning Point of the Second World War – A Secret History, Icon, 2013, ISBN: 9781848316027.
TONY MARCZAN writes:
A Bf 110 would have been a rare intruder in UK airspace in May 1941.
During the main air battle in the South of England in Summer 1940 the loss rate of these aircraft was very high. On 15 August 1940 a major attack on the north east of England by Luftflotte 5 from Scandinavia, including a number of Bf 110s with “dachshund belly” extra fuel tanks, was resoundingly defeated by the fighter squadrons of Air vice-marshal “Birdie” Saul’s 13 Group. From Autumn 1940 the use of these aircraft in the attacks on the UK was virtually suspended.
So where else might the Bf 110 chased in the Bauman and Srom interception have come from?
German reconnaissance and lone raider aircraft from Luftflotte 3 in France flew north up the Irish Sea and often via the airspace of the Irish Free State to reach the waters north of Northern Ireland which were vital to the British war effort. Radar stations in Wales and Northern Ireland were only ordered in Autumn 1940 and were only just becoming operational in April 1941. The order of battle of Luftflotte 3 in August 1940 shows six Aufklaeregruppen [reconnaissance groups] with a total of 72 aircraft of which 11 were Bf 110s. In June 1941 five of these groups are shown to be deployed on Eastern fronts, leaving just one group [Aufklaeregruppe 123] in Luftflotte 3 in France. This unit is shown as having six Bf 110s of which four were serviceable [Alfred Price ; The Luftwaffe Data Book].
It has not been possible to ascertain the exact time of the Bauman and Srom interception of 10 May 1941. Even if “their” Bf 110 was a reconnaissance aircraft in mid-afternoon, why were they ordered to break off the attack? This order contravened the Standing Orders for the Air Defence of the United Kingdom which clearly states in the first paragraph that any hostile aircraft approaching or within UK airspace WILL BE SHOT DOWN. Was the break off order from Group given because someone was expected?
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