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|Posted: Sat May 07, 2011 11:58 am Post subject: 10May1978 - Italy PM Aldo Moro Murdered -Red Brigades blamed
|US envoy admits role in Aldo Moro killing
Aldo Moro, the former Italian prime minister, who was seized at gunpoint by the Red Brigades in 1978
By Malcolm Moore in Rome 12:01AM GMT 11 Mar 2008
An American envoy has claimed that he played a critical role in the fate of Aldo Moro, the former Italian prime minister who was murdered by terrorists in 1978.
Steve Pieczenik, an international crisis manager and hostage negotiator in the State Department, said that Moro had been "sacrificed" for the "stability" of Italy.
In a new book called We Killed Aldo Moro, Mr Pieczenik said he was sent to Italy by President Jimmy Carter on the day that Moro was kidnapped by the Red Brigades, a far-Left terrorist group.
Moro, who had been prime minister for a total of more than five years between 1963 and 1976, was snatched at gunpoint from his car in Rome.
He had been heading to parliament for a crucial vote on a ground-breaking alliance he had proposed between the Christian Democrat Party and the Italian Communist Party.
The alliance enraged both sides of the political spectrum in Italy, and also upset both Moscow and Washington.
Moro's widow, Eleonora, later said Henry Kissinger had warned her husband against his strategy. "You will pay dearly for it," he is alleged to have said.
Mr Pieczenik said he was part of a "crisis committee" headed by Francesco Cossiga, the interior minister.
Moro was held for 54 days. Mr Pieczenik said the committee was jolted into action by the fear that Moro would reveal state secrets in an attempt to free himself.
A false statement, attributed to the Red Brigades, was leaked saying that Moro was dead.
Mr Pieczenick said that this had a dual purpose; to prepare the Italian public for the worst, and to let the Red Brigades know that the state would not negotiate for Moro, and considered him already dead.
The following month, Moro was shot and placed in the back of a car in central Rome, midway between the headquarters of the Communist Party and the Christian Democrats.
In a documentary on French television last weekend, Mr Cossiga admitted the committee had taken the decision to release the false statement.
"The maintenance of secrets acts like a psychic poison which alienates the possessor from the community" Carl Jung