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What Happened at Canary Wharf on 7th July 2005?

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Location: St. Pauls, Bristol, England

PostPosted: Sun Jul 07, 2013 12:38 pm    Post subject: What Happened at Canary Wharf on 7th July 2005? Reply with quote

What Happened at Canary Wharf on 7th July 2005?

Theorising Truth
What Happened at Canary Wharf on 7
July 2005?

Dr Rory Ridley-Duff, Sheffield Hallam University.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/20833633/What-Happened-at-Canary-Wharf-on-7t h-July-2005
http://www.roryridleyduff.com/What%20Happened%20At%20Canary%20Wharf%20 on%207th%20July%202005.pdf

This paper uses three different theories of truth to consider claims broadcast in two documentaries
about the London bombings of 7
July 2005:
7/7 Ripple Effect

and the BBC’s
Conspiracy Files: 7/7
7/7 Ripple Effect
argues that the alleged bombers were not in central London when the bombs
exploded, and supports this with press reports of shootings at Canary Wharf. To test this claim, press
reports from Canary Wharf were retrieved using a search of the Nexis UK News Database for the
period 7
to 30
July 2005. Further searches were made using Google to locate blogs and discussion
forum archives from 7
July 2005. The findings are assessed using three different theories of truth.
When adopting a correspondence theory of truth, it is just plausible that the evidence found
supports the theory implicit in the BBC documentary. The theory presented in
7/7 Ripple Effect
also plausible
When deploying a coherence theory of truth, the thesis put forward by the
government and BBC collapses due to low probability that four men would choose the same targets,
at the same time, and on the same day as a simulated crisis management exercise organised by
Visor Consultants. The thesis put forward in
7/7 Ripple Effect
remains coherent with available
evidence. A social constructivist (critical) perspective identifies cultural and political interests that
influence the selection and interpretation of available evidence. While the paper concludes that
both documentaries construct truth that supports their political outlook and agenda, the theory
advanced in
7/7 Ripple Effect
is better able to explain anomalies in the official account as well as the
evidence of a crisis at Canary Wharf on the same day.
About the author
Dr Rory Ridley-Duff
is a Senior Lecturer in Organisation Behaviour and Human Resource Management at Sheffield Business
School, Sheffield Hallam University. Amongst other teaching duties, he is leader of
Philosophies of Business and
Management Research
on an ESRC approved
Masters in Social Science Research
programme (MRes), and leader of
Research Methods
for the university’s
Masters in Human Resource Management
(MSc). He completed his PhD in 2005, and
now regularly publishes papers in journals and as part of academic conference proceedings.
For more information see his

personal web-site


academic research profile

© Rory Ridley-Duff, 2009 Page 1
On 7
July 2005, at 09.48 US Eastern Standard Time, a CNN breaking news report was filed with a
news service giving details of a conversation between a reporter and Brian Paddick of the
Metropolitan police (CNN, 2005). In this conversation, a reporter asked Brian Paddick:

Can you tell me -- the rumors that a police sniper shot dead a suicide bomber


Wharf --
do you know anything about that?”

Paddick responded:
“We have no reports of any police sniper shooting at anybody today.”

The time stamp on the CNN report indicates that the news summary was posted at 13.48 GMT.
At least one press agency and media outlet were aware of an alleged shooting at Canary Wharf on
the morning of 7th July. These alleged shootings have now become central to an alternative theory
about 7/7 presented in an internet documentary called
7/7 Ripple Effect
(Hill, 2007). The
documentary has become the subject of a controversy, not only for its content, but also because it
was sent to the judge in a trial of alleged 7/7 conspirators. The campaign to publicise the
documentary resulted in an attempt to extradite the documentary maker, John Anthony Hill, a 60-
year old man born in Sheffield and living in Ireland, on the basis that he fabricated evidence to
pervert the course of justice (O’Hara, 2009).

The popularity of
7/7 Ripple Effect
prompted the BBC to devote an episode of its
Conspiracy Files
series to issues raised by the internet documentary (BBC, 2009a). In the first section of the paper,
the core theories of the BBC and John Hill’s documentaries are set out. The second section considers
the first of two divergences in these theories: the train that the alleged suicide bombers caught from
Luton to King’s Cross London. The third section then focuses on the second divergence: press reports
that a ‘crisis’ occurred at Canary Wharf, allegedly invo
lving the shooting of several terrorists. As
these reports form part of the evidence provided by John Hill in support of his theory, both the
evidence presented in
7/7 Ripple Effect,
and evidence from a further search for press reports of
shootings, are set out in some detail. Section four critically analyses the evidence presented using
correspondence, coherence and social constructionist theories of truth. The final section sets out
conclusions, and assesses the BBC claim that
7/7 Ripple Effect
is distributing a divisive message.
1. Theoretical Perspectives on the Events of 7
July 2005.
On 7
July 2005, four bombs exploded in London. Three bombs exploded simultaneously on
different underground tube trains at 08.50. A fourth bomb exploded on a bus roughly an hour later,
at 09.47 (Reid, 2009). There are nine hypotheses regarding the events of 7/7 that have been set out
at the website


(see Appendix A). The BBC documentary
Conspiracy Files
closest to the third of these: the bombings constituted “homegrown and autonomous action by four
British Muslims with no mastermind”. Hill’s documentary is closest to the eighth hypothesis listed: it
claims that “the four men were chosen or lured in to be patsies in a classic 'false flag operation'”
involving one or more of the intelligence services.
Although the BBC documentary was a
7/7 Ripple Effect,
it largely reasserts the views
expressed in the government’s own report. It is, ther
efore, worth starting with the version of events
that is best known to most people, and which has been reported widely in the media and BBC news
outlets. The Euro-Med News site summarises this version as follows:
…four British Muslims
- Mohammad Sidique Khan, 30, Shehzad Tanweer, 22, Jermaine
Lindsay, 19, and Hasib Hussain, 18 - blew themselves up using home-made explosives, killing
56 and injuring 700 on three Tube trains and a double-decker bus. They had travelled on a
mainline train from Luton into King's Cross Thameslink Station in London, each carrying a
heavy rucksack of explosives.
It is a version of events that has been endorsed by a high-level Parliamentary inquiry and a
government report, both published in May 2006 ten months after the event, based on 12,500

© Rory Ridley-Duff, 2009 Page 2
statements, a police examination of 142 computers and 6,000 hours of CCTV footage. The
report insisted that the bombers acted on their own, constructing explosives from chapatti
flour and hair bleach mixed in the bath at a flat in Leeds, Yorkshire, where all four had family
and friends.
Anders (2009),


A key element of the evidence in the official government report (House of Commons, 2006:4) is
the claim that the four Muslims were caught on CCTV at 07.21 entering Luton train station to catch
the 07.40 train to London King’s Cross. The report proceeds to claim that the Luton train arrived in
London at 08.23, that the four men were caught a few minutes later on CCTV footage at 08.26, then
three of them caught tube trains before blowing themselves and the trains up at 08.50.
2. Diverging Accounts of Train Times
An inaccuracy in the House of Commons report has become central to Hill’s alternative thesis. It was
later established that the 07.40 train from Luton was cancelled on 7
July. An acknowledgement of
the error was made by Dr John Reid in parliament (BBC, 2006). He amended the official account to
claim that the four Muslims caught a train at 07.25, which arrived at King’s
Cross at 08.23.
The BBC’s
Conspiracy Files
7/7 Ripple Effect
draw different inferences from the error in the
House of Commons report. The BBC documentary uncritically accepts the government claim that the
alleged bombers caught an earlier train. Surprisingly, it does not comment on the claim in
7-7 Ripple
that the four men caught the next available train (at 07.56). If the alleged terrorists missed the
07.40 train, they could not have got to London in time to catch the trains they allegedly bombed.
Figure 1: Alleged Bombers Arriving at Luton
The amendment of the official version has
not ended the controversy over train
times. The government had already
placed in the public domain photographic
evidence showing the alleged bombers
entering Luton train station at 07.21:54.
This time is reasonable for a group of
people aiming to catch a train at 07.40. It
is problematic, however, for a group
planning to catch a train due to leave at
07.24. On the day, the 07.24 train left
Luton at 07.25: a web-site campaigning for
a judicial inquiry states the problem as


Let us consider an earlier train, which left Luton sta
tion at 07.25, and arrived into King’s Cross
Thameslink at 08.23 am; thus, its journey took 58 minutes. This scenario would give the four
young men barely three minutes to walk up the stairs at Luton, buy their tickets in the
morning rush-hour and then get to the platform. Some have suggested that Lindsay German
from Aylesbury had arrived early and bought the four tickets in advance…to make this
feasible. But, from King’s Cross Thameslink, it takes a good seven minutes to walk through
the long, undergroun
d tube passage which includes a ticket barrier, to reach the main King’s
Cross station, in the morning rush-hour with large rucksacks

in no way could they have been
captured on the 08.26am alleged CCTV picture.

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What Happened At Canary Wharf on 7th July 2005.pdf
Theorising Truth
What Happened at Canary Wharf on 7
July 2005?

Dr Rory Ridley-Duff, Sheffield Hallam University.

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"The maintenance of secrets acts like a psychic poison which alienates the possessor from the community" Carl Jung
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